Lady Vampiress

Healing Herbs, Plants and Flowers

Information

Healing Herbs, Plants and Flowers

Information of Healing Herbs and Plants. Lore myth and usage. Also a few other things grown here and there.

Website: http://www.naturalark.com/herbindex.html
Location: EveryWhere You Look....
Members: 45
Latest Activity: Feb 12, 2014

Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts. Herbalism is also known as botanical medicine, medical herbalism, herbal medicine, herbology, and phytotherapy. The scope of herbal medicine is sometimes extended to include fungal and bee products, as well as minerals, shells and certain animal parts. Pharmacognosy is the study of medicines derived from natural sources.

Traditional use of medicines is recognized as a way to learn about potential future medicines. In 2001, researchers identified 122 compounds used in mainstream medicine which were derived from "ethnomedical" plant sources; 80% of these compounds were used in the same or related manner as the traditional ethnomedical use.

Many plants synthesize substances that are useful to the maintenance of health in humans and other animals. These include aromatic substances, most of which are phenols or their oxygen-substituted derivatives such as tannins. Many are secondary metabolites, of which at least 12,000 have been isolated — a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total. In many cases, substances such as alkaloids serve as plant defense mechanisms against predation by microorganisms, insects, and herbivores. Many of the herbs and spices used by humans to season food yield useful medicinal compounds.

Similarly to prescription drugs, a number of herbs are thought to be likely to cause adverse effects. Furthermore, "adulteration, inappropriate formulation, or lack of understanding of plant and drug interactions have led to adverse reactions that are sometimes life threatening or lethal

In the written record, the study of herbs dates back over 5,000 years to the Sumerians, who described well-established medicinal uses for such plants as laurel, caraway, and thyme. Ancient Egyptian medicine of 1000 B.C. are known to have used garlic, opium, castor oil, coriander, mint, indigo, and other herbs for medicine and the Old Testament also mentions herb use and cultivation, including mandrake, vetch, caraway, wheat, barley, and rye.

Indian Ayurveda medicine has used herbs such as turmeric possibly as early as 1900 B.C. Many other herbs and minerals used in Ayurveda were later described by ancient Indian herbalists such as Charaka and Sushruta during the 1st millennium BC. The Sushruta Samhita attributed to Sushruta in the 6th century BC describes 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral sources, and 57 preparations based on animal sources.

The first Chinese herbal book, the Shennong Bencao Jing, compiled during the Han Dynasty but dating back to a much earlier date, possibly 2700 B.C., lists 365 medicinal plants and their uses - including ma-Huang, the shrub that introduced the drug ephedrine to modern medicine. Succeeding generations augmented on the Shennong Bencao Jing, as in the Yaoxing Lun (Treatise on the Nature of Medicinal Herbs), a 7th century Tang Dynasty treatise on herbal medicine.

The ancient Greeks and Romans made medicinal use of plants. Greek and Roman medicinal practices, as preserved in the writings of Hippocrates and - especially - Galen, provided the pattern for later western medicine. Hippocrates advocated the use of a few simple herbal drugs - along with fresh air, rest, and proper diet. Galen, on the other hand, recommended large doses of drug mixtures - including plant, animal, and mineral ingredients. The Greek physician compiled the first European treatise on the properties and uses of medicinal plants, De Materia Medica. In the first century AD, Dioscorides wrote a compendium of more than 500 plants that remained an authoritative reference into the 17th century. Similarly important for herbalists and botanists of later centuries was the Greek book that founded the science of botany, Theophrastus’ Historia Plantarum, written in the fourth century B.C.

Middle Ages

The uses of plants for medicine and other purposes changed little in early medieval Europe. Many Greek and Roman writings on medicine, as on other subjects, were preserved by hand copying of manuscripts in monasteries. The monasteries thus tended to become local centers of medical knowledge, and their herb gardens provided the raw materials for simple treatment of common disorders. At the same time, folk medicine in the home and village continued uninterrupted, supporting numerous wandering and settled herbalists. Among these were the “wise-women,” who prescribed herbal remedies often along with spells and enchantments. It was not until the late Middle Ages that women who were knowledgeable in herb lore became the targets of the witch hysteria. One of the most famous women in the herbal tradition was Hildegard of Bingen. A twelfth century Benedictine nun, she wrote a medical text called Causes and Cures.

Medical schools known as Bimaristan began to appear from the 9th century in the medieval Islamic world among Persians and Arabs, which was generally more advanced than medieval Europe at the time. The Arabs venerated Greco-Roman culture and learning, and translated tens of thousands of texts into Arabic for further study. As a trading culture, the Arab travellers had access to plant material from distant places such as China and India. Herbals, medical texts and translations of the classics of antiquity filtered in from east and west. Muslim botanists and Muslim physicians significantly expanded on the earlier knowledge of materia medica. For example, al-Dinawari described more than 637 plant drugs in the 9th century, and Ibn al-Baitar described more than 1,400 different plants, foods and drugs, over 300 of which were his own original discoveries, in the 13th century. The experimental scientific method was introduced into the field of materia medica in the 13th century by the Andalusian-Arab botanist Abu al-Abbas al-Nabati, the teacher of Ibn al-Baitar. Al-Nabati introduced empirical techniques in the testing, description and identification of numerous materia medica, and he separated unverified reports from those supported by actual tests and observations. This allowed the study of materia medica to evolve into the science of pharmacology.

Avicenna's The Canon of Medicine (1025) lists 800 tested drugs, plants and minerals. Book Two is devoted to a discussion of the healing properties of herbs, including nutmeg, senna, sandalwood, rhubarb, myrrh, cinammon, and rosewater.[17] Baghdad was an important center for Arab herbalism, as was Al-Andalus between 800 and 1400. Abulcasis (936-1013) of Cordoba authored The Book of Simples, an important source for later European herbals, while Ibn al-Baitar (1197–1248) of Malaga authored the Corpus of Simples, the most complete Arab herbal which introduced 200 new healing herbs, including tamarind, aconite, and nux vomica. Other pharmacopoeia books include that written by Abu-Rayhan Biruni in the 11th century[citation needed] and Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) in the 12th century (and printed in 1491), The origins of clinical pharmacology also date back to the Middle Ages in Avicenna's The Canon of Medicine, Peter of Spain's Commentary on Isaac, and John of St Amand's Commentary on the Antedotary of Nicholas. In particular, the Canon introduced clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, and efficacy tests.

Alongside the university system, folk medicine continued to thrive. The continuing importance of herbs for the centuries following the Middle Ages is indicated by the hundreds of herbals published after the invention of printing in the fifteenth century. Theophrastus’ Historia Plantarum was one of the first books to be printed, but Dioscorides’ De Materia Medica, Avicenna's Canon of Medicine and Avenzoar's pharmacopoeia were not far behind.




People on all continents have used hundreds to thousands of indigenous plants for treatment of ailments since prehistoric times. Medicinal herbs were found in the personal effects of Ötzi the Iceman, whose body was frozen in the Swiss Alps for more than 5,300 years. These herbs appear to have been used to treat the parasites found in his intestines. Anthropologists theorize that animals evolved a tendency to seek out bitter plant parts in response to illness.

Indigenous healers often claim to have learned by observing that sick animals change their food preferences to nibble at bitter herbs they would normally reject. Field biologists have provided corroborating evidence based on observation of diverse species, such as chimpanzees, chickens, sheep and butterflies. Lowland gorillas take 90% of their diet from the fruits of Aframomum melegueta, a relative of the ginger plant, that is a potent antimicrobial and apparently keeps shigellosis and similar infections at bay.

Researchers from Ohio Wesleyan University found that some birds select nesting material rich in antimicrobial agents which protect their young from harmful bacteria.

Sick animals tend to forage plants rich in secondary metabolites, such as tannins and alkaloids. Since these phytochemicals often have antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and antihelminthic properties, a plausible case can be made for self-medication by animals in the wild.

Some animals have digestive systems especially adapted to cope with certain plant toxins. For example, the koala can live on the leaves and shoots of the eucalyptus, a plant that is dangerous to most animals. A plant that is harmless to a particular animal may not be safe for humans to ingest. A reasonable conjecture is that these discoveries were traditionally collected by the medicine people of indigenous tribes, who then passed on safety information and cautions.

The use of herbs and spices in cuisine developed in part as a response to the threat of food-borne pathogens. Studies show that in tropical climates where pathogens are the most abundant, recipes are the most highly spiced. Further, the spices with the most potent antimicrobial activity tend to be selected. In all cultures vegetables are spiced less than meat, presumably because they are more resistant to spoilage

Discussion Forum

Tree Magic 4 Replies

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 10, 2014.

Gothic Gardening: The Secret Names of Plants by Rev. Carol A. Ingle AKA Raven 2 Replies

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 31, 2014.

Stocking Your Herbal Medicine Cabinet: Top 12 Herbs and Their Uses 3 Replies

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 31, 2014.

Roses. By Kirt A White

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 25, 2014.

Witch of the Old World Book of Herbs by LADY ABIGAIL 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 22, 2014.

Belladonna by Christine Narducci 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 22, 2014.

WORMWOOD by Bre Geier 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 22, 2014.

An overlooked herb by Mitchell Eyre

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 17, 2014.

Dragons Blood and Dragons Blood Tree (April Correspondence) by Regi 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 14, 2014.

Herbs and magic by Michelle Clarke

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 14, 2014.

Southernwood Artemisia abrotanum by ~*~ Airwolf LoP Ministry Founder/Owner~*~

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 12, 2014.

Herbs and Their Uses

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 10, 2014.

Basil by Ken Plenty Ken Plenty 2 Replies

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Herbal Hair Care – 11 Herbs That Work Wonders for your Hair by Aparaitia

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

The Gray Witches Grimoire Herb of the Day: Jimson Weed.

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Apple Banishing Spell by Marti Finizio

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Magic rose petal bath by Donna Morgan

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 7, 2014.

Turkey Posole by Diane Baker

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 7, 2014.

Bittersweet; Poison by LADY ABIGAIL

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 7, 2014.

Comment Wall

Comment

You need to be a member of Healing Herbs, Plants and Flowers to add comments!

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 12, 2014 at 6:24pm

Herbs that cross the veil: Apple

Wand made with the wood of apple are often used for communicating with spirits and accessing the underworld. Apples are strongly associated with Samhain and often used in Samhain rituals. The Celts believed that Apples and hazel nuts were the fruits of the otherworld and were eaten to attain knowledge.
~*Belladonna & Bones*~
Raheli
Image (c) Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 10, 2014 at 1:49pm

Medical Medium

Skullcap (Scutellaria laterifolia) is a well respected North American medicinal herb that is an excellent remedy for anxiety, stress, headaches, exhaustion, and depression. It is known as a healing tonic for the central nervous system and can be particularly beneficial in providing relief for nerve pain, nervous tension, muscle cramps, twitches, tics, and spasms. It is also helpful for Parkinson’s disease, shingles, neuralgia, sciatica, epilepsy, migraines, PMS, and menopause. Skullcap has potent anti-inflammatory properties and can help to stop histamine production which is often the cause of swelling and discomfort in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, chronic sinusitis, irritable bowel syndrome, asthma, and fibromyalgia. Skullcap is known to help lower blood pressure and support the cardiovascular system. It is also a good natural remedy for insomnia as it helps to induce sleep without strongly sedating the body, so that you can still wake up fresh and clear-minded the next morning. Skullcap tea can be made by steeping 2 tsp of dried herb in 1 cup of hot water for at least 15 minutes, strain and sweeten with raw honey if desired. Please also be aware that there are 2 forms of skullcap; American and Chinese. Skullcap (American), as described here, has entirely different healing properties than the Chinese skullcap, so make sure you are getting the correct type of skullcap when purchasing your herb. Skullcap (American) can be found in tincture, capsule, extract, and tea form online or at your local health food store.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 1, 2014 at 11:10am

Calendula is one of the most incredible herbs in the world. It has a multitude of health benefits and has been used as a key ingredient in many of the recipes we’ve shared on the Health & Natural Living blog; How To Make A Homemade Calendula Lotion, How To Make A Double Calendula Hand and Body Cream and the How To Make A Calendula Face Cream For Oily Skin.

Anyway, I’ve just found a fantastic free eBook from The Nerdy Farm Wife revealing some incredible things you can make with this wonderful herb, and you can download it for free by visit The Nerdy Farm Wife here…

9-s

Free eBook: Things To Do With Calendula

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 31, 2014 at 11:15am

Richard Reynolds 9:43in the evenin' Jan 30
Brides Tears (Antigonon leptopus) medicinal herb: It is native to Mexico and is commonly found in Jamaica, Bahamas, Florida as well as Latin America. The main parts used are the flowers and the leaves and these are used as health benefits as well as herbal remedy for diabetes, cold and coughs. Tubers are found at the root and these may be cooked and eaten as vegetable. The common names are san diego, flor de san miguel, coral vine as well as queen's wreath. A tea or a decoction can be made from brides tears herb and used accordingly

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 31, 2014 at 11:14am
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 31, 2014 at 11:14am

Richard Reynolds 9:52in the evenin' Jan 30
Gotu kola: It is said that this herb or its tea will increase the vitality of an 80 year old person to that of a forty year old person. It has an energizing effect on the brain cells and can preserve it indefinitely. It is also used to treat sterility as well impotence in men.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 30, 2014 at 3:30pm
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 30, 2014 at 2:51pm
Lilac ~ Protection, Beauty & Love ~ Lilac drives away evil where it is planted or strewn. It was originally planted in New England to keep evil from the property. Place the blooms in a haunted house to help encourage the spirits to move to the otherworld ~
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 24, 2014 at 11:10am
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 24, 2014 at 11:09am
 

Members (44)

 
 
 

Birthdays

There are no birthdays today

Important (read & understand)

How to Contact us:Preferred Contact point

Skype: Travelingraggyman

 

Email and Instant Messenger:

TravelerinBDFSM @ aol/aim;  hotmail; identi.ca; live & yahoo

OR

Travelingraggyman @ gmail and icq ***

***

Find us on Google+

Please vote for Our Site. You can vote once a day. Thank you for your support. just click on the badge below
Photobucket

OUR MOST RECENT  AWARD


1AWARD UPDATES & INFORMATION
10,000 votes - Platinum Award
5,000 votes - Gold Award
2,500 votes - Silver Award
1,000 votes - Bronze Award
300 votes - Pewter Award
100 votes - Copper Award


Member of the Associated  Posting System {APS}

This allows members on various sites to share information between sites and by providing a by line with the original source it credits the author with the creation.

Legal Disclaimer

***************We here at Traveling within the World are not responsible for anything posted by individual members. While the actions of one member do not reflect the intentions of the entire social network or the Network Creator, we do ask that you use good judgment when posting. If something is considered to be inappropriate it will be removed

 

This site is strictly an artist operational fan publication, no copyright infringement intended

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.

 

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.

 

Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

© 2017   Created by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service