Celtic History, Lore, Fact & Fun

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Celtic History, Lore, Fact & Fun

Come learn the Celts history added with music, lore and much more.

Members: 47
Latest Activity: Feb 19, 2014


We now leave the mild climate of the ancient Aegean, and the cold, forbidding regions of the North.

Here, we enter the lush, green land, shrouded in mists of magic and wonders. The land is young yet ancient; beautiful yet intriguing; and something quite magical.

We meet people who are fair and noble. Yet when aroused into battle, these people can easily become savage. One can lose their head, quite literally, at the end of the swords.

Though Celtic myths were not written until eleventh century AD, after the Vikings were driven out of Ireland, their sources, mostly oral traditions, were quite old. Even ancient.

Many of the myths that come to us, come mainly from Ireland and Wales. Celtic myths also included those from Scotland, Cornwall and Brittany (in France). We have to thank the Welsh myths, and to a lesser degree to the Irish, for the legends of King Arthur. While the medieval romance of Tristan and Isolde originated in Brittany, it gained popularity in Continental Europe and the British Isles.

Though Celtic literature didn't appear until the Middle Age, Celtic people and their religions existed during the time of ancient Rome. For more information on the Celtic people and their history and myths, feel free to readwithn here of them.

It is generally believed that there were seven separate, but historically related Celtic nations, all of which were connected to one another by common culture. Many of these nations are the resulting settlements of the Celtic tribes from early Proto-Indo-European history, Black Sea Circa. Celtic tribes have been known to venture out on vast nomadic migrations covering almost all of both eastern and western Europe. Seemingly always in pursuit of a better settlement and attempting to move away from tribal rivalry, war, famine, disease, etc. There are 14 major Celtic tribes, which have been given reference to by various Roman writers. Listedbelow are the seven most agreed upon Celtic Nations and the fourteen most predominant tribes. The 7 Celtic Nations Alba, which is now Scotland Breizh, which is now Brittany Cymru, which is now Wales Eire, which is Ireland in Old Irish Gaelic Galatia, which is now Spain, and France Kernow, which is Cornwall Mannin, is the Isle of Man The 14 most predominant Celtic tribes of note are: Aedui, Averni, Boii, Brigantes, Durotriges, Eravisci, Helvetii, Iceni, Nervii, Parisii, Scordisci, Trinovantes, Venetii, and Volcae.


Discussion Forum

Red Lion (ie Gryphon) Rampant...Standard of Scotland:

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 17, 2014.

Pictish Carved Symbol Stones Reveal Iron Age Written Language by Val Williamson, PhD 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 17, 2014.

The Morriganby Jennifer Emick 3 Replies

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 14, 2014.

Aonghus.

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 10, 2014.

St. Michael and Belanus (Belanos)...The Celtic Sun-God:

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 8, 2014.

TUATHA DE DANAAN by Knight-Grandmaster de Paul 3 Replies

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 7, 2014.

Something for our Druids :) by Betuel-Lilith Sairalindë Elanessë

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 29, 2014.

Celtic Christianity and Divination by Bre Geier

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 26, 2014.

Celtic Folklore Regarding Plants & Herbs by Bre Geier

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 25, 2014.

The Druid Alphabet by Christine Narducci

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 23, 2014.

The Celts 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 22, 2014.

Brighid - Hearth Goddess of Ireland By Patti Wigington

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 19, 2014.

The Keltoi...the Druidic Legacy:

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 17, 2014.

Danu

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 17, 2014.

Druids. Celts by Teths Place 1 Reply

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 14, 2014.

Cauldron Lore by Chris Power

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 14, 2014.

The African Roots of The Celtish Clans # 1 – The Black Kings of Scotland

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 12, 2014.

Goddess Danu

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 12, 2014.

Celtic Shamanism - FAQ

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 11, 2014.

The Triple Goddess of the Celts By: Mary jones

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Celtic Myth Podshow Bringing the Tales and Stories of the Ancient Celts to your Fireside. The Celtic Myth Podshow will tell you ancient tales and legends of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall and Brittany bringing you the bravery of heroes and heroines, the magnificent pantheon of gods and goddesses and the magic and wonder of druids, faeries and folklore. It weaves together the rich, beautiful tapestry of mythological history, battles and sagas of the Celts.

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Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 16, 2014 at 7:35pm

Kelts

Ogma (modern spelling: Oghma) is a character from Irish mythology and Scottish mythology. A member of the Tuatha Dé Danann, he is often considered a deity and may be related to the Gallic god Ogmios.
He fights in the first battle of Mag Tuired, when the Tuatha Dé take Ireland from the Fir Bolg.
Under the reign of Bres, when the Tuatha Dé are reduced to servitude, Ogma is forced to carry firewood, but nonetheless is the only one of the Tuatha Dé who proves his athletic and martial prowess in contests before the king. When Bres is overthrown and Nuadu restored, Ogma is his champion. His position is threatened by the arrival of Lugh at the court, so Ogma challenges him by lifting and hurling a great flagstone, which normally required eighty oxen to move it, out of Tara, but Lugh answers the challenge by hurling it back. When Nuadu hands command of the Battle of Mag Tuired to Lugh, Ogma becomes Lugh's champion, and promises to repel the Fomorian king, Indech, and his bodyguard, and to defeat a third of the enemy. During the battle he finds Orna, the sword of the Fomorian king Tethra, which recounts the deeds done with it when unsheathed. During the battle Ogma and Indech fall in single combat, although there is some confusion in the texts as in Cath Maige Tuired Ogma, Lugh and the Dagda pursue the Fomorians after the battle to recover the harp of Uaitne, the Dagda's harper.He often appears as a triad with Lugh and the Dagda (The Dagda is his brother and Lugh is his half-brother), who are sometimes collectively known as the trí dée dána or three gods of skill,although that designation is elsewhere applied to other groups of characters. His father is Elatha and his mother is usually given as Ethliu, sometimes as Étaín. His sons include Delbaeth and Tuireann.He is said to have invented the Ogham alphabet, which is named after him.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 15, 2014 at 5:08pm

Celtic England

The Kingdom of Elfed / Elmet

This is the name of an early medieval Brythonic kingdom in what is now southwest Yorkshire, in north-central England. It is particularly noteworthy as a Celtic kingdom situated well outside Wales and yet surviving late.

We have references in

1) place-names
2) early Welsh poetry
3) historical notices in reference to its incorporation into Northumbria

http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3cHdQC1cXLEC&pg=PA307&dq...

The last native Brythonic ruler is named (in English) as Certic, corresponding to the Welsh personal name ‘Ceredig’. You’ll find the same name attested in the Welsh county of Ceredigion. Not the same individual of course. There is also an Elfed in Wales.

Ceredig son of Gwallawg was probably expelled from his kingdom about 616 by the Northumbrian king Eadwine.

(click ‘next’ twice)
http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=f899xH_quaMC&pg=PA395&dq...

It is likely that this area would have continued to speak Old Welsh for many generations. It came under the control of the Welsh king Cadwallon son of Cadfan about 633-34.

There are a number of Welsh place-names in the region (see BLITON). One of them is Leeds.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 14, 2014 at 4:14pm

Celtic Mythology

MANAWYDAN AP LLŶR is a Welsh character of lively soul. The Welsh counterpart of the Irish Manannán Mac Lir, he is the son of Llŷr and a hero of the Mabinogi. He is the title character and protagonist of the third branch and brother of Bendigeidfran and Branwen, protagonists of the second branch. Although he wields magic well and is a skilled craftsman, Manawydan shows no hint of the divine characteristics present in his Irish counterpart, Manannán mac Lir, the sea-god. In the third branch Manawydan is married to Rhiannon, and together with Pryderi and Cigfa he lives in exile in Lloegr, where he works first as a leather craftsman and then as a wheat farmer.

Irish, Manx and Welsh myth all feature a highly skilled Manxman as the son of the onrushing tide of the sea (*Liros). This suggests a trans-Irish-Sea tradition. Indeed, he may well have been the spirit of the Irish Sea specifically. This may explain how across these traditions his character is sometimes lively, sometimes calm, now mischievous, now vengeful. If he was originally the character of the Irish Sea, it may also explain why in Irish folklore he is associated with merchants and trade. In ancient Ireland, a good deal of trade must have come and gone across the Irish Sea. Such parts of Britain as Lancashire have been heavily settled by Irish over thousands of years and eastern parts of Ireland were anciently settled by Brigantian Britons.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 14, 2014 at 3:30pm

The Oogie Boogie Witch

DRUID TRIADS

The three great Celtic Druid Triads :

1. Three things from which never to be removed
- one's oath
- one's gods
- the truth

2. The three highest causes of the true human are:
- truth
- honour
- duty

3. Three candles that illuminate every darkness :
- truth
- nature
- knowledge

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 13, 2014 at 6:54pm

Taliesin or Taliessin was an poet, whose work survived in a Middle Welsh manuscript, the Book of Taliesin. Taliesin was a renowned bard who is believed to have sung at the courts of at least three Celtic British kings. Taliesin is one of the five great bards referred to by Nennius in his Historia Brittonum (c. 796).

According to James McKillop’s book, A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, Taliesin is a Divine or divinely inspired poet of Wales, often thought to be historical (late 6th cent.) and to have flourished in the Old North, i.e. formerly Welsh-speaking regions of the Scottish Lowlands. Classed with Aneirin as one of the two surviving cynfeirdd [oldest poets], Taliesin was ascribed by Sir Ifor Williams (1944) twelve poems of the sixty in the Book of Taliesin, compiled 14th cent. Two highly incompatible versions of Taliesin’s life survive.

In the older, supported by the ascribed twelve poems from the Book of Taliesin, he is the author of praise poems filled with realistic detail of chieftains like Urien and Owain who warred against the encroaching Angles, 550–600. The second version, developed much later and known chiefly in the Hanes Taliesin [Tale of Taliesin] or Ystoria Taliesin [History of Taliesin], places the poet further south, in Powys, and portrays him as an immortal in the service of a series of princelings.

Read more: http://www.celticidentity.com/taliesin/

Artwork: Birth of Taliesin ©2008-2014 ladyfireoak
http://ladyfireoak.deviantart.com/art/Birth-of-Taliesin-86060092

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 11, 2014 at 3:05pm

Macha - A triune goddess of war. As the wife of Nemed, she makes her first appearance. Then, as the wife of Nuada, she is killed by Balor of the Evil Eye at the second battle of Magh Tuireadh. Thirdly, as the wife of Crunniuc Mac Agnomain of Ulster, she utters a curse that the men of Ulster would suffer the pangs of childbirth for five days and four nights in times of Ulster's greatest difficulty. The curse would last for nine times nine generations. Mac Mong Ruadh, or Macha of the Red Tresses, is not a war goddess, though her traditions seem to have inherited those of the triune goddess. She is listed as the seventy-sixth monarch of Ireland, reigning in 377 B.C. She built Ard Macha (Macha's Height = Armagh), established Emain Macha (Navan) as the capital of Ulster, and is credited with building the first hospital in Ireland, called Bron-Bherg (House of Sorrow), which was in use until its destruction by fire in A.D. 22.

Dictionary of Celtic Mythology Oxford Paperback Reference - Peter Berresford Ellis =>> http://goo.gl/TPyFbr

Artwork: Antony Galbraith
http://fineartamerica.com/featured/the-morrigan-antony-galbraith.html

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 11, 2014 at 2:04pm
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 10, 2014 at 1:54pm

Celtic Identity

Brigantia was an ancient Celtic goddess, titular deity of the Brigantes, a powerful confederacy of Brythonic Celtic Tribes centred in north Britain in Roman times. The name Brigantia is thought to mean “the high goddess”.

In the Peter Berresford Ellis’s Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, Brigantia is “The High One,” tutelary goddess of the Brigantes of Britain and cognate with the goddess Brigid, regarded as one of the principal Celtic goddesses. Her name also survives in the river and place-name Brent in England and in the Braint in Ynys Mon in Wales. She might be the source of Caesar’s Celtic “Minerva,” and she may well have been the model for Britannia.

Among the ancient Celtic goddesses, a few names occur in many areas, suggesting that these goddesses were honored by diverse groups of Celts. Brigantia is one of these goddesses. Variations of her name are found throughout Europe.

Read more: http://www.celticidentity.com/brigantia/

Artwork: http://www.deviantart.com/art/Brigantia2-208310262

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 8, 2014 at 12:29pm

Wild Eyed Southern Celt

Is ó mhnáib do·gabar rath nó amhrath. (Old Irish)
It is from women that fortune comes, good or bad.

Spoken in the council of the Túatha Dé Danann by Midir Mongbuide, son of the Dagda, in "Acallam na Senórach" (408-09); in Irische Texte, edited by Whitley Stokes and Ernst Windisch; 1900
image: http://tinyurl.com/n6g7ul5

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on February 8, 2014 at 12:28pm

Celtic Identity

The Ardagh Hoard, best known for the Ardagh Chalice, is a hoard of metalwork from the 8th and 9th centuries. Found in 1868, it is now on display in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin. It consists of the chalice, a much plainer stemmed cup in copper-alloy, and four brooches, three elaborate pseudo-penannular ones, and one a true pennanular brooch of the thistle type; this is the latest object in the hoard, and suggests it may have been deposited around 900. The chalice ranks with the Book of Kells as one of the finest known works of Insular art, indeed of Celtic art in general, and is thought to have been made in the 8th century AD. Elaborate brooches, essentially the same as those worn by important lay-people, appear to have been worn by monastic clergy to fasten vestments of the period.

 
 
 

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.

 

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.

 

Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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