Organizing the Greed for Gain – Alfonso X of Spain’s Law on Gambling Houses Ulrich Schädler



 
 King Alfonso X of CastileOrganizing the Greed for Gain – Alfonso X of Spain’s Law on Gambling Houses

Ulrich Schädler

Religions in Play: Games, Chance and Virtual Worlds. Pano, Zürich, 2012, 23-47.

Abstract

The “Ordenamiento de las tafurerias” is a law code about gambling, established by a certain Maestre Roldan in 1276 or 1277 CE (1314 / 1315 era hisp.)by command of King Alfonso X of Castile. It represents the most detailed and exhaustive regulation of gambling from the Middle Ages, providing useful information about the practice of gambling, the presumed or real problems connected to it, and the measures taken by authorities. However, it has only rarely excited attention, and in particular the relationship between the Orde-namiento and the medieval culture of play has hardly been studied, although Alfonso, who was responsible for the gambling law, was also the editor of a unique book about games, the so-called “Libro de los juegos.” The article discusses the character and purpose of the Ordenamiento in the context of thecontemporary practice of gambling as reflected in other medieval gambling regulations as well as in comparison to Alfonso’s “Book of Games.” Both the law code and the game book are steeped in a rational approach regarded as a means to control such a conflict-laden activity as gambling.




1. El Ordenamiento de las tafurerias: Tradition and Research

The Ordenamiento de las tafurerias is a law code about gambling, established by a certain Maestre Roldan in 1276 or 1277 CE (1314 / 1315 era hisp.) bycommand of King Alfonso X of Castile. Although it represents the most detailed and exhaustive regulation we have from the Middle Ages providing useful information about the practice of gambling, the presumed orreal problems connected to it, and the measures taken by authorities, it has only rarely excited attention. For a long time, the only available text was the one published in 1836 by the Real Academia de la Historia without commentary.  This edition was based on a copy made by the Conde de Campomanes of a manuscript in the library of Don Luis Salazar y Castro,  which was already impossible to get hold of at the time of publication.

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.

 

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We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

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After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

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