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The Medieval Burgonet Helmet held its popularity throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. With its clear-cut, lightweight style, it was worn mostly by light cavalry and foot soldiers in battle. The helmet was usually composed of a rounded cap with a prominent brim to manufactured to protect they eyes. It also contained ear pieces and a neck guard.
The lower portion of the more fancy Burgonets was fashioned to completely protect the soldier’s ears, chin, cheeks and face. These were worn by cavalrymen and nobles. Many times, the only extra protection was a nasal piece running down the brim of the helmet. The Cromwellian Cavalry helmet is the closest relative to the Burgonet helmet used in recent history.
Two other types of medieval helmets were the Cabasset and Morion. The Morion Helmet was lightweight and circular shaped. Its key features included an erect comb which ran along the front and back of the crown. The item was usually creased upwards on both sides. Its brim was normally worn at a backward angle to protect the neck from injury.
The Cabasset Helm was shaped like a pear. It did not have a comb and contained a flatter brim than that of the Morion.
These two helmets were the most commonly worn armor during the 16th and beginning of the 17th centuries. Often, the helmets were worn without any other body armor to protect the soldiers. They were dwarfed in size and weight by the Burgonet; however, this feature made them more popular as the soldiers could maneuver battlefields better with them.
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