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Cards of The Tarot

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Cards of The Tarot

Understanding...cards, layouts, and history of

Location: Where the Cards Lay
Members: 30
Latest Activity: Nov 17, 2014

The tarot (first known as tarocchi, also tarock and similar names), pronounced /ˈtæroʊ/, is a pack of cards (most commonly numbering 78), used from the mid-15th century in various parts of Europe to play a group of card games such as Italian tarocchini and French tarot. From the late 18th century until the present time the tarot has also found use by mystics and occultists in efforts at divination or as a map of mental and spiritual pathways.

The tarot has four suits corresponding to the suits of conventional playing cards. Each of these suits has pip cards numbering from ace to ten and four face cards for a total of 14 cards. In addition, the tarot is distinguished by a separate 21-card trump suit and a single card known as the Fool. Depending on the game, the Fool may act as the top trump or may be played to avoid following suit.

François Rabelais gives tarau as the name of one of the games played by Gargantua in his Gargantua and Pantagruel; this is likely the earliest attestation of the French form of the name. Tarot cards are used throughout much of Europe to play card games. In English-speaking countries, where these games are largely unknown, tarot cards are now used primarily for divinatory purposes. Occultists call the trump cards and the Fool "the major arcana" while the ten pip and four court cards in each suit are called minor arcana. The cards are traced by some occult writers to ancient Egypt or the Kabbalah but there is no documented evidence of such origins or of the usage of tarot for divination before the 18th century

The English and French word tarot derives from the Italian tarocchi, which has no known origin or etymology. One theory relates the name "tarot" to the Taro River in northern Italy, near Parma; the game seems to have originated in northern Italy, in Milan or Bologna. Other writers believe it comes from the Arabic word طرق turuq, which means 'pathways'. Alternatively, it may be from the Arabic ترك taraka, 'to leave, abandon, omit, leave behind'. According to a French etymology, the Italian tarocco derived from Arabic طرح ṭarḥ, 'rejection; subtraction, deduction, discount'.

Playing cards first entered Europe in the late 14th century, probably from Mamluk Egypt, with suits very similar to the tarot suits of Swords, Staves, Cups and Coins (also known as disks, and pentacles) and those still used in traditional Italian, Spanish and Portuguese decks. The first documentary evidence is a ban on their use in 1367, Bern, Switzerland. Wide use of playing cards in Europe can, with some certainty, be traced from 1377 onwards.

The first known tarot cards were created between 1430 and 1450 in Milan, Ferrara and Bologna in northern Italy when additional trump cards with allegorical illustrations were added to the common four-suit pack. These new decks were originally called carte da trionfi, triumph cards, and the additional cards known simply as trionfi, which became "trumps" in English. The first literary evidence of the existence of carte da trionfi is a written statement in the court records in Ferrara, in 1442. The oldest surviving tarot cards are from fifteen fragmented decks painted in the mid 15th century for the Visconti-Sforza family, the rulers of Milan.

Divination using playing cards is in evidence as early as 1540 in a book entitled The Oracles of Francesco Marcolino da Forli which allows a simple method of divination, though the cards are used only to select a random oracle and have no meaning in themselves. But manuscripts from 1735 (The Square of Sevens) and 1750 (Pratesi Cartomancer) document rudimentary divinatory meanings for the cards of the tarot as well as a system for laying out the cards. Giacomo Casanova wrote in his diary that in 1765 his Russian mistress frequently used a deck of playing cards for divination.

The original purpose of tarot cards was for playing games, the first basic rules appearing in the manuscript of Martiano da Tortona before 1425. The game of tarot is known in many variations (mostly cultural); the first basic rules for the game of Tarocco appear in the manuscript of Martiano da Tortona (before 1425; translated text), and the next are known from the year 1637. In Italy the game has become less popular; one version named Tarocco Bolognese: Ottocento has still survived and there are still others played in Piedmont, but the number of games outside of Italy is much higher. The French tarot game is the most popular in its native country and there are regional tarot games often known as tarock,tarok,or tarokk widely played in central Europe.

Although the Icehouse games Gnostica and Zarcana are played using tarot cards, they have no relation to traditional tarot play

Tarot cards would later become associated with mysticism and magic. Tarot was not widely adopted by mystics, occultists and secret societies until the 18th and 19th centuries. The tradition began in 1781, when Antoine Court de Gébelin, a Swiss clergyman, published Le Monde Primitif, a speculative study which included religious symbolism and its survivals in the modern world. De Gébelin first asserted that symbolism of the Tarot de Marseille represented the mysteries of Isis and Thoth. Gébelin further claimed that the name "tarot" came from the Egyptian words tar, meaning "royal", and ro, meaning "road", and that the Tarot therefore represented a "royal road" to wisdom. De Gébelin also asserted that the Romanies (Gypsies), who were among the first to use cards for divination, were descendants of the Ancient Egyptians (hence their common name; though by this time it was more popularly used as a stereotype for any nomadic tribe) and had introduced the cards to Europe. De Gébelin wrote this treatise before Jean-François Champollion had deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphs, or indeed before the Rosetta Stone had been discovered, and later Egyptologists found nothing in the Egyptian language to support de Gébelin's fanciful etymologies. Despite this, the identification of the tarot cards with the Egyptian Book of Thoth was already firmly established in occult practice and continues in modern urban legend to the present day.

Discussion Forum

LAY OUTS OF CARDS 6 Replies

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Started by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 12, 2014.

A Tarot Spell to Increase Psychic Visions by Shayne Magistas

You need 3 tarot cards. The Star, The High Priestess, and The Hermit.Crystals (corresponding)will enhances this."I call upon the Source of All things to send me power.I call upon the God to send strength to my spell.I call upon the Goddess to give…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 12, 2014.

Common Deck Tarot Adapted from Madame LeNormands Cards of Fortune. 1 Reply

Common Deck Tarot Adapted from Madame LeNormands Cards of Fortune.Explanations and Directions.After having shuffled the 36 cards and cut them with the left hand, divide them into 5 heaps; 4 of them containing each 8 cards, which we place in 4 frows…Continue

Started by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 19, 2014.

21 Ways of Looking at the Tarot by Mary K. Greer

Forget those long, complicated spreads; try spending an hour or more with just one…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Goddess Archetype Tarot Spread by Llewellyn

his is a fun way of exploring the feminine archetypes in the Tarot, world mythology, and within yourself—regardless of your gender. I encourage you to do this spread even if you are still shy of interpreting the cards: the sooner you begin to get…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Tarot: A Daily Spread by Ciro Marchetti

Draw one to three cards in the morning for guidance for the day. Draw one card for focused guidance. Draw two cards to compare and contrast. Look for differences to see where challenges may arrive. Draw three cards to look at synthesis and…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

The Dollhouse Oracle by Janina Renée

Miniature objects play a role in the material culture of magic and…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

The Art of Creating and Using Tarot Spreads by James Ricklef

I can still remember doing my first Tarot reading. I had just bought a Tarot deck, and after carefully studying the little white book that came with it, I figured I was ready to do a…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Revitalizing Your Tarot Practice, Part II: Spreads by Barbara Moore

In "Revitalizing Your Tarot Practice, Part I—Decks," we looked at ways of recovering from…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Personalize Your Tarot Readings Through Spreadcrafting by Tierney Sadler

A good tarot reading is often like a story, reconstructing, constructing, and forecasting relevant pieces of a person's life to bring understanding about a particular topic. While our…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

78 Roads To Wisdom Join me for a walk down the path of self discovery. All 78 roads lead to Wisdom and Enlightenment. All paths lead home. Should be fun!

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Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 10, 2014 at 11:43am
The Empress, Reversed. (Hanson Roberts) "Overindulgence; enjoyment of sensual pleasure; a tendency to become domineering; barrenness." We are hiding our head in the sand and don't want to see things are changing ~ we are trying to hold onto what is already passing away. We are preventing our own growth ~ our creativity is blocked and our spirit is stagnating. If we are having domestic problems, we should look at our own behavior. If we find ourselves surrounded by difficult people, remember, the best approach is diplomacy. A side effect of all this is we could be feeling not so attractive today. We need to give it some thought and recheck our feelings! We have things to offer on every level - and we need to give ourselves credit. It's Friday, the day associated with Love; so let's get more in touch with the love and happiness that flows within us. Meditation will help. Pamper yourself; Love yourself. Pay particular attention to what the women in your life have to say and their thoughts on spirituality; seek out female authors if you're looking for inspiration. Feminine energy will benefit us today, regardless of our own gender. Feel love.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 9, 2014 at 3:51pm

Card of the Moment is the Seven of Pentacles. The time and energy that you've been putting into a project or relationship will pay off soon. However, it's not time to quit just yet -- keep pushing until everything is said and done!

Your personal power is growing and others are taking notice.

The card in the Self position reveals aspects of how you perceive yourself right now.

The Seven of Coins in this position indicates your efforts toward being a self-made person are finally being realized. This card represents the slow and steady application of energy, season after season. You have kept at it, and your dedication and focus are bearing fruit.

You can understand the magic of compound interest. Thinking like a farmer, you have patiently tended your crop, trusting time and letting natural law multiply your harvest. The results are no surprise to you, but other people are beginning to notice. Keep at it and you will be known as a gifted person who produces value rather than just another consumer.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 8, 2014 at 12:05pm

Card: 6 of Wands, Success. (Sacred Circle) The six wands of this card have finished with battle; the fight has been won. There is always a struggle that precedes this card. There may even have been pain or confusion as a result of that struggle. But with this card, we can relax a little and finally start to enjoy the fruits of our labor. This is a good news card and indicates that, after a lot of hard work and difficulties, we are now beginning to achieve the success we dreamed of - one that is recognized by other people. (Be careful, because some of those people will want what we have!) It can indicate that despite the challenges we have been facing, we will overcome them and come out on top. Success is within reach! This card also points to literal or metaphorical movement; things are changing in a positive way. Spiritually, the six of wands can indicate getting in touch with deep joy and love of living. We are already on the right track. We should get in touch with the joy inside us and then share it.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 8, 2014 at 11:07am

Strength. You have the ability to get things done. So keep your head down, keep your patience, and see whatever task you're working on today to completion

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 7, 2014 at 12:25pm
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 7, 2014 at 11:24am
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 1, 2014 at 2:15pm

Kirt A White
Kirt A White 2:11in the evenin' Jan 1
Jan 1st
Hanged Man
He hangs motionless from a tree. Upside down, eyes closed with no indication if he is alive or dead. As you approach you notice the tree is bathed in a silvery light, charms, medallions and bones decorate the various branches. Many multi-colored balls of light swirl and spin around the tree, making patterns and designs in the air. As you draw closer you notice that for a second everything seems to stop as if time itself is suspended. The mans eyes snap open and a smile slowly creeps across his face "Ah that's the answer" he says. He slowly climbs down from the tree raises his hands and a ball of brilliant white light appears. With a chuckle he hurls the ball into the sky and turns to leave, after a few paces he stops turns his head back to you and says "Now it's your turn"

The challenge of the Hanged Man is one of slow contemplation into action. He challenges you to look at things from many different angles and perspectives before you act. Adaptability and flexibility are his key words and look for solutions from odd places. He warns us not to be overly sensitive and to thicken our skin for our own good. Do not ignore the call to help others when it happens, do not hold on to beliefs and habits that no longer resonate within you and that you have outgrown. Do not discount what others say or do, you never know where inspiration will hit. Do not allow empty time to go unfilled, find an unusual activity or hobby and learn something new. Do Not lose patience some of the issues you face will be in the hands of others, let them move at their own pace in their own way.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 1, 2014 at 1:28pm

Aidana Kyia Keely
Aidana Kyia Keely 1:14in the evenin' Jan 1
Today's Tarot Card

Wednesday, Jan 1, 2014

Tarot Card for Everyone for Today: January 1, 2014

The Fool

General Meaning:

Pamela Coleman-Smith's artful rendition of an "innocent Fool" archetype (Rider-Waite deck) is often used to represent Tarot in general. Early classical versions of the Fool card, however, portray quite a different character -- a person driven by base needs and urges, who has fallen into a state of poverty and deprivation.

In some instances, he is made out to be a carnival entertainer or a huckster. In others, he is portrayed as decrepit and vulnerable -- as the cumulative result of his delusions and failures. Not until the 20th century do you see the popular Rider-Waite image of the Fool arise -- that of an innocent Soul before its Fall into Matter, as yet untainted by contact with society and all its ills.

Modern decks usually borrow from the Rider-Waite imagery. Most Fool cards copy the bucolic mountainside scene, the butterfly, the potential misplaced step that will send the Fool tumbling into the unknown. Don't forget, however, that the earlier versions of this card represented already-fallen humanity, over-identified with the material plane of existence, and beginning a pilgrimage towards self-knowledge, and eventually, wisdom. The Fool reminds us to recognize the path of personal development within ourselves -- and the stage upon that path where we find ourselves -- in order to energize our movement toward deeper self-realization.

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on December 20, 2013 at 12:09pm

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on November 15, 2013 at 3:57pm
 

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.

 

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.

 

Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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