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Dee, John 1527-1608
English alchemist, geographer and mathematician who became the most famous magician of the Elizabethan age . Dee wrote pamphlets on various topics , including the logic , astrology, natural philosophy , shipping and customer to the calendar. He was one of the most prolific scholars of his time and was a co-founder of Trinity College, Cambridge . The magic he was accused for the first time in 1546 , when he built a mechanical beetle that was "Peace " is intended as a stage prop for a performance of Aristophanes ' play . In Belgium and France, he acquired in authorities such as Cornelius Agrippa further knowledge . Particularly fascinating was the realm lying between science and magic of inventions for him.
Edward Vl. afforded to the young , but already has the country's borders respected Dee a pension that exchanged this against the benefice of Uptonupon Severn. Later, Dee was an astrologer Maria I. and created for her and her future husband , Philip II , King of Spain , horoscopes . 1555, he fell out with his royal mistress , however , when he was accused that he wanted to kill them with the help of magic probably because of his friendship with the enemy , Princess Elizabeth. More charges denominated , he had effected by witchcraft the death of children and possessed house spirits. He managed to escape a guilty verdict for high treason , but the Star Chamber sent him to prison, where he remained for two years. Under Elizabeth I. He then regained the royal favor , and the new ruler consulted with him regarding the best date for her coronation in 1559. She supported him several times with gifts of money to promote his research in the field of alchemy. It also considers it likely that Dee worked for the Queen as a spy.
1563 Dee published his controversial writing Monas Hieroglyphia who discussed the mystical science of numerology . Dee had written the book in his secret code , and only those , he moved into his confidence , learned from him how the text had to be decrypted. 1577 made him the Queen to Windsor , where they left him to explain the origin of Halley's comet , whose appearance was expected in that year.
1581 Dee teamed up with Edward Kelly, who shared his interest in the occult . Together , they conducted numerous studies on topics such as the Kristallomantie and necromancy . Dee was particularly interested in the ability to contact the spirit world , and even if only to satisfy his intellectual curiosity . Dee and Kelly said they have had conversations with angels , to which they had helped Dee's crystal ball that Elizabeth I begged to be allowed to examine . Dee himself was not to see the summoned with the ball being able to , but he noted the descriptions provided him with Kelly, who could see only the angels .
The two scholars and their wives traveled far and wide and were repeatedly guests of the King of Poland, the Emperor Rudolf II of Bohemia and the Tsar of the Russian Empire . 1589 finally parted Dee and Kelly - two years after Dee had only reluctantly agreed to a deal according to which both should share their wives, whereupon Kelly's supernatural interlocutors had allegedly passed. As Dee's wife expressed about the doubtfulness of the bargain , Dee replied quite miserably : "There is no other way ... So we must do . "
1595 Dee was awarded , although no favorite of Elizabeth I, more , the post of Director at Manchester College. While Dee was staying in Manchester, he also dealt with the alleged possession of the children of Nicholas Starkie . His attempts to explore the scrying further were unsuccessful because he could not find a wizard with the abilities of his former companions Kelly.
1604 Dee lost his office in Manchester. Given the emerging witch craze he perhaps feared for his safety and was looking at James I. a public refutation of his reputation as a magician after . This was a disappointment for Dee , who was deeply upset about the term "magician" and insisted on his always been a dutiful Christian , despite his interest in magic. However, it took no action against the now- aged scholars. Despite the many extraordinary services he had done in his life , Dee died at the age of eighty-one years as a poor man . He was buried in his home town of Mortlake .