World News - Construction sites are becoming popular scenes for discoveries of everything from prehistoric mammoth fossils to newly discovered spider species. In following that trend, a recent construction project near Gliwice, Poland uncovered a potential graveyard, which upon further investigation revealed a gruesome fate.

vampire graves in polandThe site, which contains corpses with heads placed between their legs, is being labeled as a suspected vampire burial. The practice of burying bodies in this fashion is an ancient Slavic practice for disposing of suspected vampires, with the belief such creatures could not return from the dead once beheaded.

The burial site contains the remains of four individuals, all placed in similar fashion. Because the burials do not contain other artifacts, such as jewelry, it is difficult to tell exactly when these burials occurred, an archaeologist familiar with the evidence told Polskie Radio. However, the researcher noted, it is likely the burials occurred before 1914 — the date when the last recorded “vampire” burial took place in that country, according to a Newser report.

In speaking with Dziennik Zachodni newspaper, lead archaeologist Dr. Jacek Pierzak said early indications suggest the grave could be dated to around the 16th century.

While archaeologists are calling the site a suspected “vampire” burial, other local reporters have suggested these individuals were not vampires, but rather victims of an execution at a known nearby gallows, according to a report from The Guardian.

However, this is not the first grave to be unearthed and subsequently attributed to vampirism. Bulgarian archaeologists just last year uncovered two medieval skeletons with iron rods driven through their chest cavities. Bozhidar Dimitrov, an archaeologist with the National History Museum in Sofia, told The Guardian about 100 such skeletons have been unearthed in Bulgaria. He noted the gruesome practice is not confined to Bulgaria either; it has been rampantly carried out across the Balkans for centuries.vampire graves in poland 1

Dr. Tim Beasley-Murray, a senior lecturer at UCL’s School of Slavonic and East European Studies, who teaches a course on vampire culture, said the root of the vampire legend can be traced back to ancient Egypt and Greece. From there, it spread up through the Balkans into Eastern Europe.

“There is a strong Slavic belief in spirits. Romanian folklore has vampiric figures such as the moroi and strigoi. The word ‘mora‘ means nightmare. But these are common to many cultures. We often see bird- or owl-like figures that swoop down and feed on you,” Beasley-Murray told The Guardian.

While vampiric legend is rooted deeply throughout the Old World, there has not been a lack of vampire burials in the New World as well.

Archaeologists working in a small Eighteenth- to Nineteenth-century cemetery near Griswold, Connecticut in the 1990s uncovered something highly unusual: the grave of a 50-year-old man whose head and upper leg bones had been laid out in a “skull and crossbones” configuration.

While further examination led researchers to conclude the man died of what was then called “consumption” — what is now known as tuberculosis — initial belief was he was a vampire. But those who suffer from this infectious disease grow pale, lose weight and appear to waste away — a common attribution to those who are labeled as vampires, as well as their victims.

To play it safe, it is likely the locals decapitated the man’s head just in case he was a vampire.

Many modern archaeologists now think that belief in vampirism began because of misunderstandings about diseases such as tuberculosis, as well as a lack of knowledge about the process of decomposition. Although most Americans and Europeans were familiar with changes in the human body immediately following death, they rarely observed changes that occurred over weeks and months.

http://www.costaricantimes.com/vampire-graves-unearthed/21282

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Venice / Italy - On the lagoon island of...by Betuel-Lilith Sairalindë Elanessë

Venice / Italy - On the lagoon island of Lazzaretto Nuovo northeast of Venice of the forensic archaeologist Matteo Borrini is thrust into a medieval mass grave of Venetian plague victims from 1578 to a very special skeleton. A block of stone in the female's mouth should obviously prevent these returns as a vampire.

How Borrini of the University of Florence explained to "cross scientific aktuell.de" there was during the medieval plague epidemics in the popular belief of the lagoon city, the idea that the Black Death will spread by vampires - instead of as in the classic vampire idea - not the live blood drinking, but in which they sucked the deceased to the shrouds. A common means to avoid this at suspects it was sodenn, the supposed vampires already at the funeral - to put heavy stones in the mouth - or even later.

How Borrini go, other researchers believe that the vampire belief among other things was that it seems that even after death comes out of the mouth of the deceased blood, which was then picked up by the shroud and one in later grave openings for an appropriately eerie sight worried about the corners of his mouth bloodied corpse.

However, there are even older finds that, the living haunting undead is a belief in the. Thus, a 4,000 year old "vampire grave" was just last summer in Bohemia discovered, in which the body was additionally burdened with heavy stones on the chest

The only known Western European culture with similar rituals, was the Celtic Scots in the Kingdom of Dalriada, which covered the north of Ireland and the mid-west of Scotland between 300 and 800. Still partly to the 17th Practiced century, here were complaining "Dearg-dul" designated revenant with stones as supposed.

A whole Slavic "vampire cemetery" from the 10th Or 11 Contrast century had in 1966 unearthed at Celakovice at the gates of Prague archaeologists. Again, the bodies were covered with heavy stones, tied down, or driven them nails through the temples, were the heads separated from the body and downwards, so as apparently to prevent the return from the grave forever.

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.

 

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.

 

Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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