Influenced by the Greeks, Romans also had a few similar designs to their helmets. There were few different types of Roman helmets as well, which included the Montefortino, Coolus and the Imperial-Gallic. The Montefortino helmets were worn by soldiers dating back to 4th century B.C. to the 1st century B.C. This particular helmet was actually designed after the Celts model, made from brass and conical in shape with a small extension on the back used as a neck guard. Based upon a Gallic form of helmet the Coolus helmet was made in the Coolus district of Marne during the 3rd century B.C. to the 1st century A.D. The Coolus’ pattern was made in bronze and copper; it was round in shape with a neck guard and had a spike plug-in for a plume. The Imperial Gallic helmet was worn by Roman soldiers during late 1st century B.C. through 2nd century A.D. These Gallic helmets included ear protectors and brass accents that were decorated around the helmet.

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In the midst of ancient Rome, war was common, fighting to strengthen their empire, Romans needed to be prepared for anything during battle this called for strong armor which included the shield or “Scutum” (Latin word for shield). Roman soldiers often carried bore shields known as “aspidai” which was originally designed by the Greeks. The Roman scutum was known for its rectangular semi-cylindrical body, and was carried by the Roman Legion. By the end of the 3rd century AD the scutum rectangular shield seemed to have vanished and fourth century finds indicate that the Romans used oval or round shields that were either bowl shaped or flat. Indications of this were also found in 3rd century Roman artwork. During the 3rd century Romans relied on this scutum or shield because it was their only source of defense because armor was limited back then, so the Romans became very skilled with their shields, concentrating on mainly defense.



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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.


Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.


Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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