The Pre-Christian Era

  • The Egyptian is the earliest mode, and is divided into Early Egyptian (4000 B.C. to 1525 B.C.) and the Theban (1557 B.C. to 525 B.C.).
  • The Assyrian is dated 1270 B.C. to 625 B.C.
  • The Indian includes Brahman, 1400 B.C. to 500 B.C., when the Buddhist era commences.
  • The Etruscan (1000 B.C. to 500 B.C.).
  • The Persian mode (625 B.C. to 330 B.C.).
  • The Chinese may be dated from the time of Confucius (500 B.C.).
  • The Greek periods are as follows: -Graeco-Pelasgic or Prehistoric (1900 B.C. to 1384 B.C.) Doric (700 B.C.); Ionic (600 B.C.); Corinthian; Hellenistic (290 B.C. to 168 B.C.).
  • The Roman may be dated from about 750 B.C. and the Pompeiian (pure Greek), 100 B.C.

First Century (1-100 A.D.)

  • Rome was the dominating force. Western Europe was practically barbarian, including England, France and Germany, except so far as Roman influence had penetrated.
  • In Egypt Roman art flourished.
  • The Persian Empire had given place to the Parthian, and its art was debased Persian.
  • Greece was a province of Rome.
  • China was a great but little known nation. Much in Chinese records must be regarded as merely legendary.
  • In Britain the Celtic gave place to the Roman from the date of the Roman Invasion (54 B.C.).

Second Century (101-200 A.D.)

  • Rome's sway continued over the Western nations.
  • The Parthians remained independent, but of little weight in matters artistic.
  • The European nations made gradual progress, consequent upon increasing familiarity with the Romans' manners and customs.

Third Century (201-300 A.D.)

  • Rome's art became luxurious. The conflict between pagan and Christian became more intense, and increasing dangers were experienced from the Barbarians of the North, who constantly threatened invasion, and obtained local successes. The Barbarians had no art.
  • The Parthian Empire had given way to the Sassanian, whose art was Persian.
  • The Europeans steadily progressed along Roman lines.

Fourth Century (301-400 A.D.)

  • Rome became Christian (nominally) in the reign of Constantine, and
    Byzantium (Constantinople) became the capital of the Roman Empire (330 A.D.). The Byzantine dates from this period.
  • Europe progressed considerably, its development being hastened by missionary zeal on the part of Roman Christians, who dispatched preachers.

Fifth Century (401-500 A.D.)

  • The Roman Empire fell (476 A.D.) under attacks by the Northern Barbarians. Great destruction of works of art took place. The Roman style became the Romanesque, a Byzantine corruption of pure Roman.
  • Europe adopted the Romanesque toward the end of this century. Ireland was still Celtic.
  • The dominating influence of the century was the Byzantine.

Sixth Century (501-600 A.D.)

  • The Romanesque style was still the dominant one.
  • Europe developed the Romanesque.
  • The Byzantine was now in its prime. The birth of Mohammed (571 A.D.) marks the commencement of the Mohammedan and Saracenic nations.

Seventh Century (601-700 A.D.)

  • The Byzantine continued to flourish, though in frequent danger from the Saracens, whose strongholds were in Arabia. Before the death of Mohammed (632 A.D.), the Saracenic, or Moorish, style was commenced.
  • Europe was still Romanesque.

Eight Century (701-800 A.D.)

  • The Romanesque flourished in France and Italy.
  • The Moors conquered Spain, and Moorish style rapidly developed.
  • The Saxon flourished in England.
  • The Byzantine flourished in the East and spread to Russia.

Ninth Century (801-900 A.D.)

  • The Moors continued to hold Spain. The Moresque style developed.
  • England continued Saxon.
  • The Romanesque continued to flourish in France and Italy.
  • The Byzantine continued to flourish in the East and in Russia.
  • Germany and Flanders became independent Powers. In both the-art was Romanesque.

Tenth Century (901-1000 A.D.)

  • The Moors continued supreme in Spain.
  • The Saxons continued supreme in England.
  • The Romanesque held sway in France.
  • The Russian Byzantine gave way to a new style formed by a conlbination of Byzantine and Celtic, the latter being introduced into the country by Irish Christian missionaries.
  • The pure Byzantine developed into the late or Italian style.

Eleventh Century (1001-1100 A.D.)

  • The Romanesque style continued to flourish in France and Italy, though Spanish influence extended to France, leading to the adoption of Moorish details.
  • The Byzantine continued to flourish in the East.
  • The Moorish in Spain entered its best period in this century, and the style remained the dominant one, though the entrance of Christianity into the northern part of the kingdom led to the introduction of the Romanesque.
  • The Norman Conquest (1066) led to the introduction of the Romanesque into England. Bayeux tapestry, wrought by Matilda of Flanders, wife of William the Conqueror.

Twelfth Century (1101-1200 A.D.)

  • Byzantine in the East.
  • The Moresque flourished in Spain.
  • The Early English style-a crude Gothic (1189).
  • French Gothic commenced in the latter half f this century.           

Thirteenth Century (1201-1300 A.D.)

  • Byzantine in the East.
  • Moorish still flourished in Spain. Alham"braic during this century.
  • French Gothic developed.

Fourteenth Century (1301-1400 A.D.)

  • Byzantine in the East, but weakening.
  • The Moorish still flourished in Spain, though in the North the Gothic gained increasing influence. Dutch (1383-1750).
  • Decorated Gothic or Ornamental English style (1307). Perpendicular or Florid Gothic (1399).
    In France the style was Gothic. Tapestry weaving intro­duced toward the end of this century. The Gothic style flourished in Italy.

Fifteenth Century (1401-1500 A.D.)

  • Byzantine (to 1453). The Turkish followed the Byzantine. Moorish (to 1492).
  • Italian Renaissance (a variation of the Byzantine).
  • Venetian Renaissance (1490).
  • Roman Renaissance (1444). Originated with Donato Lazzari, followed by Giacomo Barozzio (1507).
    Supreme period reached in Michael Angelo Buonarotti (1474).

Sixteenth Century (1501-1600 A.D.)

  • The Arabian (1500-1699).
  • German Renaissance (1550).
  • Spanish Renaissance (1500), Hispano-Moresque.
  • Flemish (1507-1750).
  • Venetian Renaissance (Palladio, 1518).
  • The Tudor or English Renaissance (1509). Introduced by John of Padua, architect to Henry VIII. Tapestry making introduced into England.
  • The Elizabethan Style (1558). Dutch influence became apparent. (Henry VIII., 1509-1547; Edward VI., 1547-1553; Mary, 1553-1558; Elizabeth, 1558-1603.)
  • French Renaissance (1515). - A freely ornamented Gothic, introduced by Fra Giacondo, about 1502, in the reign of Louis XII. (Louis XII., 1498-1515; Francois I., 1515-1547; Henri II., 1547-1559; Francois II., 1559­1560; Charles IX., 1560-1574; Henri III., 1574­1589; Henri IV., 1589-1610.)

 Seventeenth Century (1601-1700 A.D.)

  • Arabian ends (1699).
  • The Jacobean style (1603). Italian influence appeared. Mortlake tapestry manufactory established (1619). (James I., 1603-1625; Charles I., 1625-1649.)
  • The Cromwellian style (1653). (The Commonwealth, 1663-1659; Charles II., 1660-1685; James II., 1685­1689.)
  • The William and Mary style (1689). Dutch furniture largely imported. (William and Mary, 1689-1702.)
  • Italian Renaissance, followed by rococo styles.
  • Louis XIV. Style (1643). The Gobelins and Beauvais factories established. Rococo style appeared (1690). The era of Charles Le Brun, Andre Charles Boulle, Jean Berain, Jean Le Pautre, Daniel Marot. (Louis XIII., 1610-1643; Louis XIV., 1643-1715.)

Views: 67


Important (read & understand)

How to Contact us:Preferred Contact point

Skype: Travelingraggyman


Email and Instant Messenger:

TravelerinBDFSM @ aol/aim;  hotmail;; live & yahoo


Travelingraggyman @ gmail and icq ***


Find us on Google+

Please vote for Our Site. You can vote once a day. Thank you for your support. just click on the badge below


10,000 votes - Platinum Award
5,000 votes - Gold Award
2,500 votes - Silver Award
1,000 votes - Bronze Award
300 votes - Pewter Award
100 votes - Copper Award

Member of the Associated  Posting System {APS}

This allows members on various sites to share information between sites and by providing a by line with the original source it credits the author with the creation.

Legal Disclaimer

***************We here at Traveling within the World are not responsible for anything posted by individual members. While the actions of one member do not reflect the intentions of the entire social network or the Network Creator, we do ask that you use good judgment when posting. If something is considered to be inappropriate it will be removed


This site is strictly an artist operational fan publication, no copyright infringement intended

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.


Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.


Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

© 2023   Created by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service