© 1999, Apollonius Sophistes

First Decad - Waxing Moon - Mên Histámenos

1 Noumênía.
Moon's first visibility.
For Apollo. Holy day.
2 "Changeable Thunder" (indeterminate fortune).
3 Tritomênís. For birth of Athena.
4 Tetrás. For Hermes, Aphrodite and Eros. Holy day. Fraught with Fate; avoid eating heart out. Start making a ship; start a family. Also for Heracles, Poseidon and Apollo.
5 For Horkos (Oath) and Erinyes. Break no oaths. Hard and dreadful.
6 For birth of Artemis. Clever speakers born.
7 First quarter (7-8). For birth of Apollo. Holy day.
8 For Poseidon, Theseus and Asklepios. Holy day, good for religious observations.
9 Holy day, a good day in all ways.
10 Good day.

Second Decad - Middle Moon - Mên Mesôn

11 (1) Good day for mortal works. Spin webs; the Wise reap.
12 (2) The best day for mortal works.
13 (3) For Athena. Avoid sowing.
14 (4) Tame beasts.
15 (5) Dikhomênía.
Full moon.
For Horkos (Oath) and Erinyes. Break no oaths. Hard and dreadful. Perhaps for Athena too.
16 (6) For Artemis. Bad for planting.
17 (7) Thresh and cut wood.
18 (8) "Changeable Thunder" (indeterminate fortune).
19 (9) Better toward evening.
20 (10) Eikás. For Apollo. Philosphers born. Best in midday.

Third Decad - Waning Moon - Mên Phthínôn

21 (-10) Best around dawn.
22 (-9) Third quarter (22-23). "Changeable Thunder" (indeterminate fortune).
23 (-8) For Athena.
24 (-7) Fraught with Fate; avoid eating heart out.
25 (-6) For Horkos (Oath) and Erinyes. Break no oaths. Hard and dreadful.
26 (-5) "Changeable Thunder" (indeterminate fortune).
27 (-4) Triseinás.
Crescent barely visible.
Open jars; launch ships.
28 (-3) "Changeable Thunder" (indeterminate fortune).
29 (-2) Omitted for Hollow Month.
30 Triakás, Hénê kai Néa.
Moon and Sun in conjunction.
For Hekate and the Dead. Inquire into truth; plan the next month.


  1. This calendar is intended for those who want to observe the Sacred Month (Mên kata Theion), that is, the month according to Moon phase.
  2. The principal source for the Sacred Month is Hesiod's Days (the last part, ll. 765-282, of the Works and Days), and M. L. West's comments thereon (M. L. West, Hesiod Works & Days, Edited with Prolegomena and Commentary, Oxford, 1978).
  3. The ancient Greeks reckoned the day from sundown; that is, Tuesday begins at sundown Monday. The first day of the new month (Noumênía = New-Moon/Month) is supposed to coincide with the first sighting of the young crescent. This would be early in the evening following the 30th day (which is why it's called Hénê kai Néa = Old-and-New). Note that in modern almanacs, "new moon" refers to the conjunction of the Moon and Sun, that is, the dark of the Moon. For purposes of the Sacred Month, the New Moon (Noumênía) occurs a day or two after conjunction. (To appreciate the difficulty of calculating "first visibility" from conjunction, see O. Neugebauer, The Exact Sciences in Antiquity, 2nd. ed., Dover, 1969, pp. 106-9.) It may be simpler to use the system devised by Solon: the (Greek) day during which conjunction occurs is declared Old-and-New, the 30th; the following (Greek) day is then Noumênía, the 1st. That is, the first sundown after conjunction begins the 1st of the new month. If this system is followed, then the first quarter will fall on the 7th or 8th, the full moon on the 14th or 15th, and the third quarter on the 22nd or 23rd, depending on the exact time of conjunction; if the 1st is based on "first visibility" (as Hesiod probably did), the moon phases may fall a day earlier.
  4. For Hollow Months (29 days), the 29th day is omitted, for Full Months (30 days), it's not. The 30th day is always included. This adjustment is made to ensure that conjunction occurs on Old-and-New (30th) or first visibility on Noumênía (1st).
  5. The visible month may be divided into four weeks: 1-7, 8-14, 15-21, 22-28. However the ancient Greeks normally divided the month into two halves (Waxing and Waning) or into three decads (Waxing, Middle, Waning).
  6. It will be observed that corresponding days in each decad often have similar deities, fortunes, etc.
  7. Hesiod recommends different days for different activities (e.g., launching ships). I have included the ones that are easy to interpret more generally (e.g., release completed projects). However, if you want to know when to castrate your goats, you will have to consult Hesiod's text. As expected, the waxing part is better for starting things, the waning part for finishing them; overall the waxing half is more auspicious.
  8. Certain days have special names, which are given after their numbers. In addition to those already mentioned, there are Tritomênís = Third-of-month, Tetrás = Fourth, Dikhomênía = Mid-month (Full-moon), Eikás = Twentieth, Triseinás = Thrice-ninth, Triakás = Thirtieth. Although the 15th is officially "full moon," it may occur a day or two earlier.
  9. Numbers: In the ancient Greek manner, days in the first decad may be specified "the second of the waxing (moon)" or "the waxing second," etc. Days in the second decad may be specified "middle first" to "middle tenth" or "eleventh," "twelfth," "three and tenth," up to "nine and tenth," then "twentieth." The last decad may be indicated by absolute position ("twenty-third") or relative position ("waning third," "the third after the twentieth"), but is normally counted down to the New Moon (indicated by a negative number in parentheses), "waning eighth." Note that "waning third" could be either the 23rd or the 28th (-3); this ambiguity complicates interpreting Hesiod's text. When counting down, the "earlier tenth" is the 20th and the "later tenth" is the 21st, since the 10th is specified as the "waxing tenth."
  10. Here are some general guidelines if you follow Solon's system: Look up the time of conjunction in an almanac. If it is between midnight and dusk, then Old-and-New (30th) is that calendar day, and the full moon is on the 15th (Dikhomênía). Otherwise, if conjunction is between dusk and midnight, then Old-and-New is on the following calendar day, and the full moon is on the 14th, although it won't be visible until the 15th begins at dusk. If conjunction is between dawn and dusk, the month is full, otherwise it's hollow.

Views: 95

Important (read & understand)

How to Contact us:Preferred Contact point

Skype: Travelingraggyman


Email and Instant Messenger:

TravelerinBDFSM @ aol/aim;  hotmail; identi.ca; live & yahoo


Travelingraggyman @ gmail and icq ***


Find us on Google+

Please vote for Our Site. You can vote once a day. Thank you for your support. just click on the badge below


10,000 votes - Platinum Award
5,000 votes - Gold Award
2,500 votes - Silver Award
1,000 votes - Bronze Award
300 votes - Pewter Award
100 votes - Copper Award

Member of the Associated  Posting System {APS}

This allows members on various sites to share information between sites and by providing a by line with the original source it credits the author with the creation.

Legal Disclaimer

***************We here at Traveling within the World are not responsible for anything posted by individual members. While the actions of one member do not reflect the intentions of the entire social network or the Network Creator, we do ask that you use good judgment when posting. If something is considered to be inappropriate it will be removed


This site is strictly an artist operational fan publication, no copyright infringement intended

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.


Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.


Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

© 2024   Created by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service