This is not set up exactly how I wanted it, but I got impatient, I just haven't had enough time to do it right, but I wanted the info out there for everyone to enjoy. I will fix it up nice eventually... Note: Data tabularized by JT for the Armour Archive

All Information on this page was compiled by David A Counts. Let's hear a round of applause for him... This list is impressive, and it will only grow larger with time.

of Find
Pattern Material Ring
Mid 4thC BC
Hjortspring, Denmark 4-in-1? Iron? - - - 7mm Avg N/A N/A Outside diameter range 4-10 mm. Mail from remains of ~ a dozen shirts
Ref #1
Late 4th - Early 3rdC BC
Ciumesti, Romania 4-in-1 Iron Butted + Solid (punched) Butted: 1.2-1.4mm, Solid: 0.8-1.8mm - 6mm 9mm Avg N/A From a mail shirt that prob. had a Celtic mantle-style shoulder defense. Ref-1 refers to only butted rings
Ref #1, #2
Celtic, 3rd C BC Ciumesti, Romania 4-in-1 Iron Riveted + Solid (punched) Est. 16ga - 5mm 8mm N/A From a mail shirt. Compare to other Ciumesti find
Ref #2
Celtic 3rd C BC Kirkburn, Yorkshire - - Conflicting reports: Butted vs Riveted+Solid 1.5 - 1.6 mm - - 8.2 - 9.2 mm N/A From a mail shirt
Ref #1
Belgo-Roman 1st C. BC - 1st C AD Maiden Castle, Dorset - - Butted 1.0 - 1.3 mm - - 7mm N/A Ref #1
Celtic, 15-10 BC Lexden, Essex - Iron? Riveted + Solid (welded) 1.4 - 1.6 mm Circular - 5.5 - 5.8 mm N/A Ref #1
Celtic, 20-35 AD Baldock, England - Iron? Riveted + Solid (welded?) 1.2 - 1.3 mm Circular - 4.8 - 5.0 mm N/A Ref #1
Celtic, 50 AD St. Albans, Hertfordshire 4-in-1? Iron Riveted + Solid(Welded?) 1.5 - 1.6 mm Circular - 6.8 - 7.1 mm N/A "Folly Lane" mail shirt find
Ref #1
Celtic, 50 AD Stanwick, York - - Butted - - - - - Ref #1
Celtic, Late 1st C BC - Early 1st C AD Hayling Island, Hamshire - - - - - - - - Ref #1
Celtic, 1st Cent. AD Tiefenau, Switzerland 6-in-1 Iron Butted 1 mm (~18 ga) - 11 mm 13 mm N/A The ONLY 6-in-1 mail shirt I have yet found; assigned an earlier date in reference #3
Ref #1, #3
Celto-Roman, 1st C AD - - Iron? Riveted + Solid (punched) 8mm + 1.0x0.8mm Circular and Rectangular (cut "wire" strip?) - 7.0 - 7.5 mm N/A Ref #1
Roman, c.50 AD Baginton, Warwickshire - Bronze Riveted + Solid (punched) - - 3 mm - N/A Ref #4
Roman, 1st Cent. AD (?) Ouddorp, Holland - Bronze - - - 3 mm - N/A This find bronze mail served as the foundation for a scale armour - the "lorica plumata" ???
Ref #4
Roman, 1st C AD Newstead 4-in-1 Bronze Riveted + Solid (punched) - - - Riveted: 5mm, Solid: 3mm N/A Mail shirt used as foundation for a scale armour … the "lorica plumata" ???
Ref #4
Roman, c. 150 AD Newstead 4-in-1 Iron Riveted + Solid (punched) - - - 7mm N/A Mail shirt
Ref #4
Roman, c. 150 AD Saalburg 4-in-1? - - - - 4.0 - 7.0 mm - N/A Mail shirt
Ref #4
Germanic, 2nd-3rd C AD Vimose 4-in-1 ? Iron? - - - - - 12 mm Ref Wheeler (need to confirm
Germanic, 3rd Cent. AD Thorsbjorg, Schleswig 4-in-1 ? Iron? Riveted and Solid about 1mm - - Riveted: 12mm, Solid: 10mm N/A Ref #1
Roman, c.250 AD Kastell, Kunzing 4-in-1 Iron - - - I7.0 - 9.0 mm - N/A Mail shirt
Ref #4
Anglo-Saxon, c.750-775 AD York, England 4-in-1 Iron Riveted + Solid (welded) 1.1 - 2.0 mm - 8 mm - N/A attached to the lower edge of the "Coppergate Helmet"
Ref Tweedle
Western European, Early 16th C AD - 4-in-1 Iron Riveted about 2mm Flat ~ 7mm ~ 9mm N/A Part of a "gusset" or mail defense attached to a padded arming doublet worn beneath plate armour; Measurements taken from a photograph
Ref Laking
European(?), Early 15th C AD (?) - 4-in-1 Iron Riveted ~ 14 ga Circular(?) ~ 10 mm ~ 13 mm N/A Measurements taken from a photograph
Ref Laking
Caucasus (?), 18th-19th C AD - 4-in-1 Iron Overlapped butted (Lg) + End-on butted (Sm) ~14ga (Lg), ~16ga (Sm) Circular? 11mm Lg, 9mm Sm 14mm Lg, 11mm Sm N/A Although Laking states this mail was found in the foundation of house when it was destroyed and assigns the mail to 14th C AD Europe, I believe this overlapped butted mail to be a later specimen from the Caucasus; Measurements from a photograph
Ref Laking

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.


Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.


Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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