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Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on October 11, 2010 at 9:46pm
Kaunan' rune k-rune has been sold
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 3:21pm

Ansuz (rune) a-rune , Younger Futhark was probably called *ansuz in Proto-Germanic, to which the Norse name Æsir is attributed.
The shape of the rune is likely from Neo-Etruscan a (EtruscanA-01.png), like Latin A ultimately from Phoenician aleph.

Its name survives only in the Icelandic rune poem as óss, however, referring to Odin, identified with Jupiter:

Óss er algingautr
ok ásgarðs jöfurr,
ok valhallar vísi.
Jupiter oddviti.
Óss is aged Gautr
and prince of Ásgardr
and lord of Vallhalla.
chief Jupiter

The Norwegian rune poem, óss has a meaning of "estuary" while in the Anglo-Saxon one, Futhorc ōs has the Latin meaning of "mouth". The Younger Futhark rune is transliterated as ą to distinguish it from the new ár rune, which continues the jēran rune after loss of prevocalic *j- in Proto-Norse *jár (Old Saxon jār).

Since the name of Gothic a.svg a is attested in the Gothic alphabet as ahsa or aza, the common Germanic name of the rune may thus either have been *ansuz "god", or *ahsam "ear (of corn)".

A variant of the rune is Futhorc æsc "ash". The Latin ligature æ in Old English was called æsc after the rune. Another variant is ac "oak"

Position in rune-row 4
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 3:18pm

*Sôwilô or *Saewelô is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the s-rune, meaning "sun". The name is attested for the same rune in all three rune poems, Norwegian and Icelandic Sól and Anglo-Saxon Sigel, as well as for the corresponding letter of the Gothic alphabet s, called sauil.
Position in rune-row 16

The Germanic words for "Sun" have the peculiarity of alternating between -l- and -n- stems, Proto-Germanic *sunnon (Old English sunne, Old Norse, Old Saxon and Old High German sunna) vs. *sôwilô or *saewelô (Old English sōl and siȝel (/ˈsɪ jel/), Old Norse sól, Gothic sauil).

This continues a Proto-Indo-European alternation *suwen- vs. *sewol- (Avestan xweng vs. Latin sōl, Greek helios, Sanskrit surya, Welsh haul, Breton heol, Old Irish suil "eye"), a remnant of an archaic, so-called "heteroclitic", declension pattern that remained productive only in the Anatolian languages

The Germanic words for "Sun" have the peculiarity of alternating between -l- and -n- stems, Proto-Germanic *sunnon (Old English sunne, Old Norse, Old Saxon and Old High German sunna) vs. *sôwilô or *saewelô (Old English sōl and siȝel (/ˈsɪ jel/), Old Norse sól, Gothic sauil).

This continues a Proto-Indo-European alternation *suwen- vs. *sewol- (Avestan xweng vs. Latin sōl, Greek helios, Sanskrit surya, Welsh haul, Breton heol, Old Irish suil "eye"), a remnant of an archaic, so-called "heteroclitic", declension pattern that remained productive only in the Anatolian languages

The Younger Futhark Sol and the Anglo-Saxon futhorc Sigel runes are identical in shape, a rotated version of the later Elder Futhark rune, with the middle stroke slanting upwards, and the initial and final strokes vertical. Anglo-Saxon sigel (siȝel) is phonologically sījel /siːjel/ (from *sæwel), the yogh being only orthographical.

Rune Poem:

Old Norwegian
Sól er landa ljóme;
lúti ek helgum dóme.

English Translation:

Sun is the light of the world;
I bow to the divine decree.

Old Icelandic
Sól er skýja skjöldr
ok skínandi röðull
ok ísa aldrtregi.
rota siklingr.

English Translation:

Sun is the shield of the clouds
and shining ray
and destroyer of ice.

Sigel semannum symble biþ on hihte,
ðonne hi hine feriaþ ofer fisces beþ,
oþ hi brimhengest bringeþ to lande.

English Translation:

The sun is ever a joy in the hopes of seafarers
when they journey away over the fishes' bath,
until the courser of the deep bears them to land

The Sig rune in Guido von List's Armanen Futharkh were very loosely based on the Younger Futhark Sigel, thus changing the concept associated with it from "Sun" to "victory" (German Sieg), arriving at a sequence "Sig", "Týr" in his row, yielding Sigtýr, a name of Ódin.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 3:14pm

'Kaunan' rune k-rune (Younger Futhark , Anglo-Saxon futhorc ) is called Kaun in both the Norwegian and Icelandic rune poems, meaning "ulcer". The reconstructed Proto-Germanic name is *Kaunan. It is also known as Kenaz ("torch"), based on its Anglo-Saxon name.
The Elder Futhark shape is likely directly based on Old Italic c C / Latin C. The Younger Futhark / Futhorc shapes have parallels in Old Italic shapes of k K , Latin K (compare the Negau helmet inscription). The corresponding Gothic letter is k, called kusma.

Position in rune-row 6

Rune Poem:

Old Norwegian
Kaun er barna bǫlvan;
bǫl gørver nán fǫlvan.

English Translation:

Ulcer is fatal to children;
death makes a corpse pale.

Old Icelandic
Kaun er barna böl
ok bardaga [för]
ok holdfúa hús.
flagella konungr.

English Translation:

Disease fatal to children
and painful spot
and abode of mortification.

Cen byþ cwicera gehwam, cuþ on fyre
blac ond beorhtlic, byrneþ oftust
ðær hi æþelingas inne restaþ.

English Translation:

The torch is known to every living man
by its pale, bright flame; it always burns
where princes sit within.

* The Icelandic poem is glossed with Latin flagella "whip".
* The Anglo-Saxon poem gives the name cen "torch"
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 3:11pm

Algiz is part of the ancient Nordic and Anglo-Saxon runic alaphabet, often equited to the modern day z, however was traditionally pronounced yr, The Letter has come to symbolize many neo-pagan religions and is often worn as a pendant. When casting rune stones it is most commonly determined to represent refusal to move on or ones family and heritage
Algiz, sometimes *Elhaz, is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name for the ᛉ rune, representing the Proto-Germanic terminal -z (from PIE word-final *-s). The reconstructed word *algiz (meaning "elk") is based on the name of the Anglo-Saxon eolh ("elk") which is of the same shape but represented a different sound. Like much of the Proto-Germanic language, it is not attested in any known text.

Like the Ing-rune, *Algiz differs from the other runes because it was named acrophonically, since the sound it represents is a suffix. The Proto-Germanic terminal z (continuing Proto-Indo-European terminal s) became obsolete, and the rune is usually transcribed as ʀ for Proto-Norse and Old Norse. The sound eventually became the terminal -r in Old Norse, but its continuation in the yr-rune (see below) shows that there was still a phonemic difference between -r and -ʀ in Old East Norse (the Swedish and Danish dialect of Old Norse) in the 11th century.

Position in rune-row 15

In the Elder Futhark, the reconstructed name *Algiz is given to the rune. *Algiz represents the sound of the letter "Z" in the Elder Futhark. In the 8th century, the Elder Futhark began to be replaced by the Younger Futhark in Scandinavia

In the Gothic alphabet, the Gothic letter Gothic z.png, called Ezec, is identified with the rune. Like the Elder Futhark, the sound value of the term was that of "Z" but the name of the rune is of uncertain meaning

Recorded in the Anglo-Saxon rune poem, the shape of the rune appears in the Anglo-Saxon futhorc alphabet, as ᛉ Eolh. However, instead of representing the sounds of the letter "Z" as in the Elder Futhark and Gothic Futhark, it here represents the sound of the letter "X"

Anglo-Saxon Rune Poem

Eolh-secg eard hæfþ oftust on fenne
wexeð on wature, wundaþ grimme
blode breneð beorna gehwylcne
ðe him ænigne onfeng gedeþ.

Modern English translation:

The Elk-sedge usually lives in the fen,
growing in the water. It wounds severely,
staining with blood any man
who makes a grab at it.

As the Younger Futhark gradually began to replace the Elder Futhark, the shape of the *Algiz rune appears again as Yr "yew". The shape is also continued in another character in the Younger Futhark; Maðr ("man"), replacing the Elder Futhark rune *Mannaz.

Various forms of the *Algiz rune are commonly used by various Germanic Neopagan groups as a symbol of their religion.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 3:06pm

*Isaz is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the i-rune , meaning "ice". In the Younger Futhark it is called Iss in Icelandic and isa in Old Norse. As rune of the Anglo-Saxon futhorc, it is called is.
The corresponding Gothic letter is i, named eis.

The rune is recorded in all three rune poems:
Rune Poem:

Old Norwegian
Ís kǫllum brú bræiða;
blindan þarf at læiða.

English Translation:

Ice we call the broad bridge;
the blind man must be led.

Old Icelandic
Íss er árbörkr
ok unnar þak
ok feigra manna fár.
glacies jöfurr.

English Translation:

Ice is bark of rivers
and roof of the wave
and destruction of the doomed.

Is byþ ofereald, ungemetum slidor,
glisnaþ glæshluttur gimmum gelicust,
flor forste geworuht, fæger ansyne.

English Translation:

Ice is very cold and immeasurably slippery;
it glistens as clear as glass and most like to gems;
it is a floor wrought by the frost, fair to look upon.

Position in rune-row 11
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 3:04pm

*Laguz or *Laukaz is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the l-rune , *laguz meaning "water" or "lake" and *laukaz meaning "leek". In the Anglo-Saxon rune poem, it is called lagu "ocean". In the Younger Futhark, the rune is called lögr "waterfall" in Icelandic and logr "water" in Norse.
The corresponding Gothic letter is l, named lagus. The rune is identical in shape to the letter l in the Raetic alphabet.

The "leek" hypothesis is based not on the rune poems, but rather on early inscriptions where the rune has been hypothesized to abbreviate *laukaz, a symbol of fertility, see the Bülach fibula.

Rune Poem:

Old Norwegian
ᛚ Lögr er, fællr ór fjalle foss;
en gull ero nosser.

English Translation:

A waterfall is a River which falls from a mountain-side;
but ornaments are of gold.

Old Icelandic
ᛚ Lögr er vellanda vatn
ok viðr ketill
ok glömmungr grund.
lacus lofðungr.

English Translation:

Water is eddying stream
and broad geysir
and land of the fish.

Lagu byþ leodum langsum geþuht,
gif hi sculun neþan on nacan tealtum
and hi sæyþa swyþe bregaþ
and se brimhengest bridles ne gym[eð].

English Translation:

The ocean seems interminable to men,
if they venture on the rolling bark
and the waves of the sea terrify them
and the courser of the deep heed not its bridle

Position in rune-row 21
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 2:59pm

'Gyfu' rune is the name for the g-rune in the Anglo-Saxon rune poem, meaning "gift" or "generosity": Anglo-Saxon Rune Poem:

Gyfu gumena byþ gleng and herenys,
wraþu and wyrþscype and wræcna gehwam
ar and ætwist, ðe byþ oþra leas.

English Translation:
Generosity brings credit and honour, which support one's dignity;
it furnishes help and subsistence
to all broken men who are devoid of aught else.

The corresponding letter of the Gothic alphabet is g, called giba. The same rune also appears in the Elder Futhark, with a suggested Proto-Germanic name *gebô "gift". J. H. Looijenga speculates that the rune is directly derived from Latin Χ, the pronunciation of which may have been similar to Germanic gs in the 1st century, e.g., Gothic reihs compared to Latin rex (as opposed to the Etruscan alphabet, where X had a value of [s])
Position in rune-row 7
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 2:53pm

'Wynn' rune. (Ƿ ƿ) (also spelled wen, ƿynn, or ƿen) was a letter of the Old English alphabet. It was used to represent the sound /w/.
While the earliest Old English texts represent this phoneme with the digraph , scribes soon borrowed the rune wynn for this purpose. It remained a standard letter throughout the Anglo-Saxon era, eventually falling out of use (perhaps under the influence of French orthography) during the Middle English period, circa 1300 (Freeborn 1992:25). It was replaced with once again, from which the modern developed.

The denotation of the rune is "joy, bliss" known from the Anglo-Saxon rune poem:

ᚹ Ƿenne bruceþ, ðe can ƿeana lyt
sares and sorge and him sylfa hæf
blæd and blysse and eac byrga geniht.

Bliss he enjoys who knows not pain,
sorrow nor anxiety, and himself has
prosperity and bliss and a good enough house.

It is not continued in the Younger Futhark, but in the Gothic alphabet, the letter w is called winja, allowing a Proto-Germanic reconstruction of the rune's name as *wunjô "joy".

It is one of the two runes (along with þ) to have been borrowed into the English alphabet (or any extension of the Latin alphabet). A modified version of the letter ƿynn called Vend was used briefly in Old Norse for the sounds /u/, /v/, and /w/.

As with þ, ƿynn was revived in modern times for the printing of Old English texts, but since the early 20th century the usual practice has been to substitute the modern instead due to ƿynn's visual resemblance to P.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on July 24, 2010 at 2:48pm

We have two of the 'Dagaz' rune. The d rune is called Daeg "day" in the Anglo-Saxon rune poem. The corresponding letter of the Gothic alphabet d is called dags. This rune stave is also part of the Elder Futhark, with a reconstructed Proto-Germanic name *dagaz.
Its "butterfly" shape is possibly derived from Lepontic san.

Day, the glorious light of the Creator, is sent by the Lord;
it is beloved of men, a source of hope and happiness to rich and poor,
and of service to all.

Position in rune-row 23 or 24


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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.


Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.


Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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