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Cards of The Tarot

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Cards of The Tarot

Understanding...cards, layouts, and history of

Location: Where the Cards Lay
Members: 30
Latest Activity: Nov 17, 2014

The tarot (first known as tarocchi, also tarock and similar names), pronounced /ˈtæroʊ/, is a pack of cards (most commonly numbering 78), used from the mid-15th century in various parts of Europe to play a group of card games such as Italian tarocchini and French tarot. From the late 18th century until the present time the tarot has also found use by mystics and occultists in efforts at divination or as a map of mental and spiritual pathways.

The tarot has four suits corresponding to the suits of conventional playing cards. Each of these suits has pip cards numbering from ace to ten and four face cards for a total of 14 cards. In addition, the tarot is distinguished by a separate 21-card trump suit and a single card known as the Fool. Depending on the game, the Fool may act as the top trump or may be played to avoid following suit.

François Rabelais gives tarau as the name of one of the games played by Gargantua in his Gargantua and Pantagruel; this is likely the earliest attestation of the French form of the name. Tarot cards are used throughout much of Europe to play card games. In English-speaking countries, where these games are largely unknown, tarot cards are now used primarily for divinatory purposes. Occultists call the trump cards and the Fool "the major arcana" while the ten pip and four court cards in each suit are called minor arcana. The cards are traced by some occult writers to ancient Egypt or the Kabbalah but there is no documented evidence of such origins or of the usage of tarot for divination before the 18th century

The English and French word tarot derives from the Italian tarocchi, which has no known origin or etymology. One theory relates the name "tarot" to the Taro River in northern Italy, near Parma; the game seems to have originated in northern Italy, in Milan or Bologna. Other writers believe it comes from the Arabic word طرق turuq, which means 'pathways'. Alternatively, it may be from the Arabic ترك taraka, 'to leave, abandon, omit, leave behind'. According to a French etymology, the Italian tarocco derived from Arabic طرح ṭarḥ, 'rejection; subtraction, deduction, discount'.

Playing cards first entered Europe in the late 14th century, probably from Mamluk Egypt, with suits very similar to the tarot suits of Swords, Staves, Cups and Coins (also known as disks, and pentacles) and those still used in traditional Italian, Spanish and Portuguese decks. The first documentary evidence is a ban on their use in 1367, Bern, Switzerland. Wide use of playing cards in Europe can, with some certainty, be traced from 1377 onwards.

The first known tarot cards were created between 1430 and 1450 in Milan, Ferrara and Bologna in northern Italy when additional trump cards with allegorical illustrations were added to the common four-suit pack. These new decks were originally called carte da trionfi, triumph cards, and the additional cards known simply as trionfi, which became "trumps" in English. The first literary evidence of the existence of carte da trionfi is a written statement in the court records in Ferrara, in 1442. The oldest surviving tarot cards are from fifteen fragmented decks painted in the mid 15th century for the Visconti-Sforza family, the rulers of Milan.

Divination using playing cards is in evidence as early as 1540 in a book entitled The Oracles of Francesco Marcolino da Forli which allows a simple method of divination, though the cards are used only to select a random oracle and have no meaning in themselves. But manuscripts from 1735 (The Square of Sevens) and 1750 (Pratesi Cartomancer) document rudimentary divinatory meanings for the cards of the tarot as well as a system for laying out the cards. Giacomo Casanova wrote in his diary that in 1765 his Russian mistress frequently used a deck of playing cards for divination.

The original purpose of tarot cards was for playing games, the first basic rules appearing in the manuscript of Martiano da Tortona before 1425. The game of tarot is known in many variations (mostly cultural); the first basic rules for the game of Tarocco appear in the manuscript of Martiano da Tortona (before 1425; translated text), and the next are known from the year 1637. In Italy the game has become less popular; one version named Tarocco Bolognese: Ottocento has still survived and there are still others played in Piedmont, but the number of games outside of Italy is much higher. The French tarot game is the most popular in its native country and there are regional tarot games often known as tarock,tarok,or tarokk widely played in central Europe.

Although the Icehouse games Gnostica and Zarcana are played using tarot cards, they have no relation to traditional tarot play

Tarot cards would later become associated with mysticism and magic. Tarot was not widely adopted by mystics, occultists and secret societies until the 18th and 19th centuries. The tradition began in 1781, when Antoine Court de Gébelin, a Swiss clergyman, published Le Monde Primitif, a speculative study which included religious symbolism and its survivals in the modern world. De Gébelin first asserted that symbolism of the Tarot de Marseille represented the mysteries of Isis and Thoth. Gébelin further claimed that the name "tarot" came from the Egyptian words tar, meaning "royal", and ro, meaning "road", and that the Tarot therefore represented a "royal road" to wisdom. De Gébelin also asserted that the Romanies (Gypsies), who were among the first to use cards for divination, were descendants of the Ancient Egyptians (hence their common name; though by this time it was more popularly used as a stereotype for any nomadic tribe) and had introduced the cards to Europe. De Gébelin wrote this treatise before Jean-François Champollion had deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphs, or indeed before the Rosetta Stone had been discovered, and later Egyptologists found nothing in the Egyptian language to support de Gébelin's fanciful etymologies. Despite this, the identification of the tarot cards with the Egyptian Book of Thoth was already firmly established in occult practice and continues in modern urban legend to the present day.

Discussion Forum

LAY OUTS OF CARDS 6 Replies

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Started by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 12, 2014.

A Tarot Spell to Increase Psychic Visions by Shayne Magistas

You need 3 tarot cards. The Star, The High Priestess, and The Hermit.Crystals (corresponding)will enhances this."I call upon the Source of All things to send me power.I call upon the God to send strength to my spell.I call upon the Goddess to give…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Feb 12, 2014.

Common Deck Tarot Adapted from Madame LeNormands Cards of Fortune. 1 Reply

Common Deck Tarot Adapted from Madame LeNormands Cards of Fortune.Explanations and Directions.After having shuffled the 36 cards and cut them with the left hand, divide them into 5 heaps; 4 of them containing each 8 cards, which we place in 4 frows…Continue

Started by Rev. Allen M. Drago ~ Traveler. Last reply by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 19, 2014.

21 Ways of Looking at the Tarot by Mary K. Greer

Forget those long, complicated spreads; try spending an hour or more with just one…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Goddess Archetype Tarot Spread by Llewellyn

his is a fun way of exploring the feminine archetypes in the Tarot, world mythology, and within yourself—regardless of your gender. I encourage you to do this spread even if you are still shy of interpreting the cards: the sooner you begin to get…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Tarot: A Daily Spread by Ciro Marchetti

Draw one to three cards in the morning for guidance for the day. Draw one card for focused guidance. Draw two cards to compare and contrast. Look for differences to see where challenges may arrive. Draw three cards to look at synthesis and…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

The Dollhouse Oracle by Janina Renée

Miniature objects play a role in the material culture of magic and…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

The Art of Creating and Using Tarot Spreads by James Ricklef

I can still remember doing my first Tarot reading. I had just bought a Tarot deck, and after carefully studying the little white book that came with it, I figured I was ready to do a…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Revitalizing Your Tarot Practice, Part II: Spreads by Barbara Moore

In "Revitalizing Your Tarot Practice, Part I—Decks," we looked at ways of recovering from…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

Personalize Your Tarot Readings Through Spreadcrafting by Tierney Sadler

A good tarot reading is often like a story, reconstructing, constructing, and forecasting relevant pieces of a person's life to bring understanding about a particular topic. While our…Continue

Started by Dept of PMM Artists & things Jan 9, 2014.

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Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 23, 2014 at 1:25pm
http://www.aeclectic.net/tarot/cards/madame-endora/
www.aeclectic.net
Madame Endora's Fortune Cards blend Egyptian, Celtic and fantasy themes into an original, easy-to-use oracle deck of 48 cards.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 22, 2014 at 7:26pm
7 of Cups, Reversed. (Sacred Circle) We should be making the choices that need to be made and moving toward concrete and important action. We can trust our gut; we've probably already realized that we have to start, and if we do so, we will thrive. We need to ground ourselves, and make the decision about what is important. It also seems we may have been relying on some false promises of others. If we sense something is wrong, it probably is! Our view of life is a bit of an illusion right now. We may have been experiencing worry, anxiety, and fear - feeling timid, insecure and defensive. Instead of taking a few quiet moments to reflect, we are using every waking hour to consume ourselves with the active pursuits of things which may or may not satisfy us. We need to stop and give ourselves some time and space to think carefully about where our best intentions lie. We have to see matters as they really are and replace our confusion with clear thinking. We could be in the process of recovering from some sort of spiritual trial. This is a time to take the actions we know in our heart and soul that we must take, whether that's forgiving ourselves, forgiving others, or meditation. The answers we seek are within us. We must find them and take action.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 22, 2014 at 5:23pm
9 of Rods (Hanson Roberts) "Already wounded, a worried man braces for the next salvo. This is the eye of the storm. The situation will worsen before it improves, but you are prepared." Take a deep breath and calm down! We can't let the things we are worried about overwhelm us. We should be strong, then nothing and no one will be able to drag us down!!! This guy looks like he has had it rough. He's bandaged, leaning on his rod and looking like he's expecting something bad to happen. He looks very defensive. It is natural to feel defensive at times, but we need to try to avoid becoming bitter. We may be feeling worried, anxious or burdened. We may not feel like disciplining ourselves now, but now is a time that discipline will help us meet our spiritual goals. We need to focus, plan and call ourselves to higher levels of spiritual study and commitment. We have the strength within us to get where we want to be!
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 22, 2014 at 3:02pm
The Devil. (Tarot of Pagan Cats) "Making a choice, taking an action,or staying in a situation that is contrary to your best interest. Doing something that turns into something that you aren't meant to be." This card represents that deepest, darkest part of us that we rarely bring out into the light of day. Our fears, our prejudices, our hatreds, our secrets. Our bondage. It's a bondage that is metaphorical or internal. We should remember that when we are feeling restricted we nearly always hold the keys to our own freedom. We can't give up hope! No matter our situation, we always have options to choose from. Don't let others tell you that your options are limited. We may be feeling that we are not in control of our life; sometimes this happens as a result of our actions, but more often it is a result of our inaction. So, we need to take action, whatever steps we can to give ourselves the feeling, however small, of being in control. Even if we make the choice what to have for dinner. Baby steps are important! Keeping a postive attitude is very important right now. We should take a look at the people we surround ourselves with. Are they positive people, or negative, critical people that leave us depressed? Take note, then take action! Life is short, and attitudes are catching! Surround yourself with people you love and that love you, positive people that want you to succeed. Be happy, and spread your love.
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 22, 2014 at 2:23pm
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 19, 2014 at 1:33pm

Tarot Dream Spell

If you want to remember a dream but can't try this:
place the mooncard of the major arcana,face up under your pillow for one week starting on a Friday with a new moon,every morning when you wake jot down all you can remember from the dream.By weeks end you should have the whole dream and the message it is trying to relate

Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 19, 2014 at 1:13pm
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 16, 2014 at 7:42pm
3 of Wands. (Mythic Tarot) "This card portrays Jason newly arrived at the city of Iolkos. At his feet kneels the usurper, King Pelias, black-haired and black-bearded, dressed in royal purple, and offering with apparent humility the golden crown which he has unlawfully stolen." Everything fell into place, just like it was predicted, and as if by magick. This card tells us we have come this far and we can celebrate the initial success of the original creative idea. It seems everything is going according to plan! We were in the right place at the right time for this project to be born. Even though the foundations have been well laid, we will now need to put in a lot of hard work and creative energy. Often new ideas emerge at this stage - things which at first we had not considered, but could cause delays, alterations, and more effort. So we shouldn't react to any heat of the moment, but instead step back and reconsider. This can be an exciting period when we will be stretched and challenged and will achieve more than we ever thought possible. Good foundations have been laid, enthusiasm is high, and there is a feeling of satisfaction and optimism about the future potential of the project. This card can indicate premonitions or other intuitions about what is to come. Welcome to the beginning! <;)
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 14, 2014 at 1:21pm
The Eight of Pentacles.

The regent letter today presents us with determination to our work, providing overcoming possible obstacles to the concreteness of our goal. Their attention span will allow us to exercise a perfectionist about everything we did, allowing a divine connection that leads to evolution. Good job to all!

Image: Witches Tarot
http://www.witchestarot.com/
Comment by Dept of PMM Artists & things on January 12, 2014 at 1:06pm
The Lovers is the seventh card in the Major Arcana, and is given the number six to indicate balance. It signifies the three realms of the mind: the conscious, the subconscious, and the superconscious, embodied in the male, female, and the androgynous angelic figure above them. The man and woman are naked, symbolizing their honesty with each other as well as their physical accessibility. They represent that which is revealed. The winged figure above is clothed in robes, indicating the unknown, or that which is yet to be revealed...a mystery. Combined, these three elements form a complete whole.

The Lovers card symbolizes relationships, and harmonious interaction - both within the self and without. Love is playing a crucial role in your life right now, and a decision may be weighing heavily on your mind. The angel is thought to be Raphael, bringing healing to the situation. This symbolizes a need to mend fences, or heal yourself from a relationship that cannot be salvaged. Look to your heart, and decide what it is you truly desire—what you need to make yourself whole.
 

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Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries had its humble beginnings as an idea of a few artisans and craftsmen who enjoy performing with live steel fighting. As well as a patchwork quilt tent canvas. Most had prior military experience hence the name.

 

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries.

 

Vendertainers that brought many things to a show and are know for helping out where ever they can.

As well as being a place where the older hand made items could be found made by them and enjoyed by all.

We expanded over the years to become well known at what we do. Now we represent over 100 artisans and craftsman that are well known in their venues and some just starting out. Some of their works have been premiered in TV, stage and movies on a regular basis.

Specializing in Medieval, Goth , Stage Film, BDFSM and Practitioner.

Patchwork Merchant Mercenaries a Dept of, Ask For IT was started by artists and former military veterans, and sword fighters, representing over 100 artisans, one who made his living traveling from fair to festival vending medieval wares. The majority of his customers are re-enactors, SCAdians and the like, looking to build their kit with period clothing, feast gear, adornments, etc.

Likewise, it is typical for these history-lovers to peruse the tent (aka mobile store front) and, upon finding something that pleases the eye, ask "Is this period?"

A deceitful query!! This is not a yes or no question. One must have a damn good understanding of European history (at least) from the fall of Rome to the mid-1600's to properly answer. Taking into account, also, the culture in which the querent is dressed is vitally important. You see, though it may be well within medieval period, it would be strange to see a Viking wearing a Caftan...or is it?

After a festival's time of answering weighty questions such as these, I'd sleep like a log! Only a mad man could possibly remember the place and time for each piece of kitchen ware, weaponry, cloth, and chain within a span of 1,000 years!! Surely there must be an easier way, a place where he could post all this knowledge...

Traveling Within The World is meant to be such a place. A place for all of these artists to keep in touch and directly interact with their fellow geeks and re-enactment hobbyists, their clientele.

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